Journal articles

Children/young people’s experiences

Austin, A. (2016). “There I am”: A grounded theory study of young adults navigating a transgender or gender nonconforming identity within a context of oppression and invisibility. Sex Roles, 75(5-6), 215-230.

DiFulvio, G. T. (2015). Experiencing violence and enacting resilience: The case story of a transgender youth. Violence Against Women, 21(11), 1385-1405.

Jones, T., & Hillier, L. (2013). Comparing trans-spectrum and same-sex-attracted youth in Australia: Increased risks, increased activisms. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(4), 287-307.

Katz-Wise, S. L., Budge, S. L., Fugate, E., Flanagan, K., Touloumtzis, C., Rood, B., . . . Leibowitz, S. (2017). Transactional pathways of transgender identity development in transgender and gender-nonconforming youth and caregiver perspectives from the Trans Youth Family Study. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(3), 243-263.

Katz-Wise, S. L., Budge, S. L., Orovecz, J. J., Nguyen, B., Nava-Coulter, B., & Thomson, K. (2017). Imagining the future: Perspectives among youth and caregivers in the Trans Youth Family study. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 26-40.

McGuire, J. K., & Conover-Williams, M. (2010). Creating spaces to support transgender youth. Prevention Researcher, 17(4), 17-20.

Pollock, L., & Eyre, S. L. (2012). Growth into manhood: Identity development among female-to-male transgender youth. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 14(2), 209-222.


Children/young people’s school experiences

Clark, T. C., Lucassen, M. F. G., Bullen, P., Denny, S. J., Fleming, T. M., Robinson, E. M., & Rossen, F. V. (2014). The health and well-being of transgender high school students: Results from the New Zealand Adolescent Health Survey (Youth’12). Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(1), 93-99.

Gutierrez, N. (2004). Resisting fragmentation, living whole: Four female transgender students of color speak about school. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 16(3-4), 69-79.

Johnson, C. W., Singh, A. A., & Gonzalez, M. (2014). ‘It’s complicated’: Collective memories of transgender, queer, and questioning youth in high school. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(3), 419-434.

Jones, T., Smith, E., Ward, R., Dixon, J., Hillier, L., & Mitchell, A. (2016). School experiences of transgender and gender diverse students in Australia. Sex Education, 16(2), 156-171.

McBride, R.-S., & Schubotz, D. (2017). Living a fairy tale: The educational experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming youth in Northern Ireland. Child Care in Practice, 23(3), 292-304.

McGlashan, H., & Fitzpatrick, K. (Online First 2018). ‘I use any pronouns, and I’m questioning everything else’: Transgender youth and the issue of gender pronouns. Sex Education.

McGuire, J. K., Anderson, C. R., Toomey, R. B., & Russell, S. T. (2010). School climate for transgender youth: A mixed method investigation of student experiences and school responses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(10), 1175-1188.

Shelton, S. A., & Lester, A. O. S. (Online First 2018). Finding possibilities in the impossible: A celebratory narrative of trans youth experiences in the Southeastern USA. Sex Education.

Toomey, R. B., Ryan, C., Diaz, R. M., Card, N. A., & Russell, S. T. (2010). Gender-nonconforming lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth: school victimization and young adult psychosocial adjustment. Developmental Psychology, 46(6), 1580-1589.

Ullman, J. (2017). Teacher positivity towards gender diversity: Exploring relationships and school outcomes for transgender and gender-diverse students. Sex Education, 17(3), 276-289.

Wyss, S. E. (2004). ‘This was my hell’: The violence experienced by gender nonconforming youth in U.S. high schools. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 17(5), 709-730.


Supporting trans and gender diverse students at school

Bartholomaeus, C., & Riggs, D. W. (2017). Whole-of-school approaches to supporting transgender students, staff, and parents. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(4), 361-366.

Hafford-Letchfield, T., Cocker, C., Ryan, P., & Melonowska, J. (2016). Rights through alliances: Findings from a European project tackling homophobic and transphobic bullying in schools through the engagement of families and young people. British Journal of Social Work, 46(8), 2338-2356.

Luecke, J. C. (2011). Working with transgender children and their classmates in pre-adolescence: Just be supportive. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(2), 116-156.

Sausa, L. A. (2005). Translating research into practice: Trans youth recommendations for improving school systems. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education, 3(1), 15-28.

Tempel, M. B. (2011). It’s OK to be neither: Teaching that supports gender-variant children. Rethinking Schools, 26(1), 51-54.


School environment for trans and gender diverse students

Dessel, A. B., Kulick, A., Wernick, L. J., & Sullivan, D. (2017). The importance of teacher support: Differential impacts by gender and sexuality. Journal of Adolescence, 56(April), 136-144.

García, A. M., & Slesaransky-Poe, G. (2010). The heteronormative classroom: Questioning and liberating practices. The Teacher Educator, 45(4), 244-256.

Greytak, E. A., Kosciw, J. G., & Boesen, M. J. (2013). Putting the ‘T’ in ‘resource’: The benefits of LGBT-related school resources for transgender youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 45-63.

McCarthy, L. (2003). What about the ‘T’? Is multicultural education ready to address transgender issues? Multicultural Perspectives, 5(4), 46-48.

Meyer, E. J., Tilland-Stafford, A., & Airton, L. (2016). Transgender and gender-creative students in pk-12 schools: What we can learn from their teachers. Teachers College Record, 118(8).

O’Flynn, S. (2016). ‘Oh yeah – is she a he-she?’ female to male transgendered pupils in the formal and informal cultures of an English secondary school. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 24(3), 431-444.

Slesaransky-Poe, G. (2013). Adults set the tone for welcoming all students. Phi Delta Kappan, 94(5), 40-44.

Slesaransky-Poe, G., Ruzzi, L., Dimedio, C., & Stanley, J. (2013). Is this the right elementary school for my gender nonconforming child? Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 29-44.

Wernick, L. J., Kulick, A., & Inglehart, M. H. (2014). Influences of peers, teachers, and climate on students’ willingness to intervene when witnessing anti-transgender harassment. Journal of Adolescence, 37(6), 927-935.

Wilson, I., Griffin, C., & Wren, B. (2005). The interaction between young people with atypical gender identity organization and their peers. Journal of Health Psychology, 10(3), 307-315.

Woolley, S. W. (2015). ‘Boys Over Here, Girls Over There’: A Critical Literacy of Binary Gender in Schools. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 376-394.


Teaching and curriculum about trans and gender diverse experiences

DePalma, R. (2013). Choosing to lose our gender expertise: Queering sex/gender in school settings. Sex Education, 13(1), 1-15.

De Pedro, K. T., Jackson, C., Campbell, E., Gilley, J., & Ciarelli, B. (2016). Creating trans-inclusive schools: Introductory activities that enhance the critical consciousness of future educators. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 28(2), 293-301.

Hermann-Wilmarth, J. M., Lannen, R., & Ryan, C. L. (2017). Critical literacy and transgender topics in an upper elementary classroom: A portrait of possibility. Journal of Language and Literacy Education, 13(1), 15-27.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2016). Teaching about sexual minorities and ‘princess boys’: A queer and trans-infused approach to investigating LGBTQ-themed texts in the elementary school classroom. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 807-827.

Rands, K. (2013). Supporting transgender and gender-nonconforming youth through teaching mathematics for social justice. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 106-126.

Ryan, C. L., Patraw, J. M., & Bednar, M. (2013). Discussing princess boys and pregnant men: Teaching about gender diversity and transgender experiences within an elementary school curriculum. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 83-105


Educator and staff views of trans and gender diverse students

Bartholomaeus, C., Riggs, D. W., & Andrew, Y. (2017). The capacity of South Australian primary school teachers and pre-service teachers to work with trans and gender diverse students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 65(July), 127-135.

Frohard-Dourlent, H. (2016). “I don’t care what’s under your clothes”: The discursive positioning of educators working with trans and gender-nonconforming students. Sex Education, 16(1), 63-76.

Frohard-Dourlent, H. (Online First 2017). “The student drives the car, right?”: Trans students and narratives of decision-making in schools. Sex Education.

Kurt, L. J., & Chenault, K. H. (2017). School policy and transgender identity expression: A study of school administrators’ experiences. International Journal of Educational Policy & Leadership, 12(3).

Malins, P. (2016). How inclusive is ‘inclusive education’ in the Ontario elementary classroom?: Teachers talk about addressing diverse gender and sexual identities. Teaching and Teacher Education, 54(February), 128-138.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (Online First 2017). “Effeminate arty boys and butch soccer girls”: Investigating queer and trans-affirmative pedagogies under conditions of neoliberal governance. Research Papers in Education.

Martino, W. J., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2015). Teaching about ‘princess boys’ or not: The case of one male elementary school teacher and the polemics of gender expression and embodiment. Men and Masculinities, 18(1), 79-99.

Meyer, E. J., & Leonardi, B. (Online First 2017). Teachers’ professional learning to affirm transgender, non-binary, and gender-creative youth: Experiences and recommendations from the field. Sex Education.

Payne, E., & Smith, M. (2014). The big freak out: Educator fear in response to the presence of transgender elementary school students. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(3), 399-418.

Roethel, K. M. (2016). Middle schools, Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs), & school staff experiences: Creating safe spaces and providing supportive resources for trans* youth. Master of Arts, California State University San Marcos.

Silveira, J. M., & Goff, S. C. (2016). Music teachers’ attitudes toward transgender students and supportive school practices. Journal of Research in Music Education, 64(2), 138-158.

Smith, M. J., & Payne, E. (2016). Binaries and biology: Conversations with elementary education professionals after professional development on supporting transgender students. The Educational Forum, 80(1), 34-47.

Wright-Maley, C., Davis, T., Gonzalez, E. M., & Colwell, R. (2016). Considering perspectives on transgender inclusion in Canadian Catholic elementary schools: Perspectives, challenges, and opportunities. The Journal of Social Studies Research, 40(3), 187-204.



Kurt, L. J., & Chenault, K. H. (2017). School policy and transgender identity expression: A study of school administrators’ experiences. International Journal of Educational Policy & Leadership, 12(3).


Sexuality education

Bittner, R. (2012). Queering sex education: Young adult literature with LGBT content as complementary sources of sex and sexuality education. Journal of LGBT Youth, 9(4), 357-372.

Green, E. R. (2010). Shifting paradigms: Moving beyond ‘trans 101’ in sexuality education. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 5(1), 1-16.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (Online First 2017). Transgender young people’s narratives of intimacy and sexual health: Implications for sexuality education. Sex Education.



Palkki, J. (2016). “My voice speaks for itself”: The experiences of three transgender students in secondary school choral programs. Doctor of Philosophy, Michigan State University.


School counsellors/psychologists and trans and gender diverse students

Bowers, S., Lewandowski, J., Savage, T. A., & Woitaszewski, S. A. (2015). School psychologists’ attitudes toward transgender students. Journal of LGBT Youth, 12(1), 1-18.

Case, K. A., & Meier, S. C. (2014). Developing allies to transgender and gender-nonconforming youth: Training for counselors and educators. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(1), 62-82.

Chen-Hayes, S. F. (2001). Counseling and advocacy with transgendered and gender-variant persons in schools and families. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 40(1), 34-48.

Coolhart, D., & MacKnight, V. (2015). Working with transgender youths and their families: Counselors and therapists as advocates for trans-affirmative school environments. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy, 2(1), 51-64.

de Jong, D. (2014). ‘I think it would be a very sensitive topic …’ school social work, gender variance, and the silencing of differences. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 24(7), 869-879.

de Jong, D. (2015) ‘He Wears Pink Leggings Almost Every Day, and a Pink Sweatshirt….’ How School Social Workers Understand and Respond to Gender Variance. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 32(3), 247-255.

Gonzalez, M., & McNulty, J. (2010). Achieving competency with transgender youth: School counselors as collaborative advocates. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 4(4-3), 176-186.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2015). The role of school counsellors and psychologists in supporting transgender people. The Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 32(2), 158-170.

Simons, J. D., Beck, M. J., Asplund, N. R., Chan, C. D., & Byrd, R. (Online First 2018). Advocacy for gender minority students: Recommendations for school counsellors. Sex Education.

Singh, A. A., & Burnes, T. R. (2009). Creating developmentally appropriate, safe counseling environments for transgender youth: The critical role of school counselors. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 3(3-4), 215-234.

Walzer, A. J. (2015). School psychologists’ knowledge of and attitudes toward transgender students. Master’s thesis, Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey.


Educational psychology

Yavuz, C. (2016). Gender variance and educational psychology: Implications for practice. Educational Psychology in Practice, 32(4), 395-409.


School facilities

Davies, A. W. J., Vipond, E., & King, A. (Online First 2017). Gender binary washrooms as a means of gender policing in schools: A Canadian perspective. Gender and Education.

Eckes, S. E. (2017). The restroom and locker room wars: Where to pee or not to pee. Journal of LGBT Youth, 14(3), 247-265.

Porta, C. M., Gower, A. L., Mehus, C. J., Xiaohui Yu, Saewyc, E. M., & Eisenberg, M. E. (2017). ‘Kicked out’: LGBTQ youths’ bathroom experiences and preferences. Journal of Adolescence, 56(April), 107-112.

Purvis, D. E. (2017). Transgender children, teaching early acceptance, and the heckler’s veto. In A. Sarat (Ed.), Studies in law, politics, and society (studies in law, politics and society, volume 72) (pp. 219-252). Bingley: Emerald Publishing Limited.

Slater, J., Jones, C., & Procter, L. (Online First 2016). School toilets: Queer, disabled bodies and gendered lessons of embodiment. Gender and Education.

Wernick, L. J., Kulick, A., & Chin, M. (2017). Gender identity disparities in bathroom safety and wellbeing among high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(5), 917-930.


Parents of trans and gender diverse children/young people

Barron, C., & Capous-Desyllas, M. (2017). Transgressing the gendered norms in childhood: Understanding transgender children and their families. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 13(5), 407-438.

Capous-Desyllas, M., & Barron, C. (2017). Identifying and navigating social and institutional challenges of transgender children and families. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 34(6), 527-542.

Field, T. L., & Mattson, G. (2016). Parenting transgender children in PFLAG. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 12(5), 413-429.

Gonzalez, K. A., Rostosky, S. S., Odom, R. D., & Riggle, E. D. B. (2013). The positive aspects of being the parent of an LGBTQ child. Family Process, 52(2), 325-337.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., Howell, T. J., & Hubbard, S. (2006). Parents’ reactions to transgender youths’ gender nonconforming expression and identityJournal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 18(1), 3-16.

Hill, D. B., & Menvielle, E. (2009). ‘You have to give them a place where they feel protected and safe and loved’: The views of parents who have gender-variant children and adolescents. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6(2-3), 243-271.

Johnson, S. L., & Benson, K. E. (2014). ‘It’s Always the Mother’s Fault’: Secondary Stigma of Mothering a Transgender Child. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 10(1-2), 124-144.

Johnson, D., Sikorski, J., Savage, T. A., & Woitaszewski, S. A. (2014). Parents of youth who identify as transgender: An exploratory study. School Psychology Forum, 8(1), 56-74.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Allen, S. H., Munroe, C., Goldberg, A. E., & Weiner, J. L. (2017). The experiences of sexual minority mothers with trans* children. Family Relations.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Mahan, D. J., McGuire, J. K., & Hoffman, T. K. (2017). Perspectives of mothers of transgender and gender-nonconforming children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Homosexuality.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Weiner, J. L., & Mahan, D. (2014). Child, family, and community transformations: Findings from interviews with mothers of transgender girls. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 10(4), 354-379.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Weiner, J. L., Munroe, C., Goldberg, A. E., & Gardner, M. (2017). Trans and gender-nonconforming children and their caregivers: Gender presentations, peer relations, and well-being at baseline. Journal of Family Psychology.

Lesser, J. G. (1999). When your son becomes your daughter: A mother’s adjustment to a transgender child. Families in Society, 80(2), 182-189.

Manning, K. E. (2017). Attached advocacy and the rights of the trans child. Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique, 50(2), 579-595.

Manning, K. E., Holmes, C., Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Newhook, J. T., & Travers, A. (2015). Fighting for trans* kids: Academic parent activism in the 21st century. Studies in Social Justice, 9(1), 118-135.

Meadow, T. (2011). ‘Deep down where the music plays’: How parents account for childhood gender variance. Sexualities, 14(6), 725-747.

Pearlman, S. F. (2006). Terms of connection: Mother-talk about female-to-male transgender children. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 2(3-4), 93-122.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Robichaud, M. J., & Dumais-Michaud, A. A. (2015). The experience of parents who support their children’s gender variance. Journal of LGBT Youth, 12(1), 39-63.

Rahilly, E. P. (2015). The gender binary meets the gender-variant child: Parents’ negotiations with childhood gender variance. Gender & Society, 29(3), 338-361.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2017). Cisgenderism and certitude: Parents of transgender children negotiating educational contexts. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly.

Riggs, D. W., & Due, C. (2015). Support experiences and attitudes of Australian parents of gender variant children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(7), 1999-2007.

Riley, E. A. (2012). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents. Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sydney.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2011). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents: A parent survey. International Journal of Sexual Health, 23(3), 181-195.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2013). Recognising the needs of gender-variant children and their parents. Sex Education, 13(6), 644-659.

Ritenour, K. M. (2014). Exploring experiences of loss and ambiguous loss in parents of female-to-male transgender youth. Master of Arts, Syracuse University.

Slesaransky-Poe, G., & García, A. M. (2009). Boys with gender variant behaviors and interests: From theory to practice. Sex Education, 9(2), 201-210.

Wahlig, J. L. (2015). Losing the child they thought they had: Therapeutic suggestions for an ambiguous loss perspective with parents of a transgender child. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 11(4), 305-326.


Experiences of children/young people and their families

Barron, C. (2014). Breaking gender barriers: Stories of four transchildren and their families. Master of Arts, California State University.

Evans, Y. N., Gridley, S. J., Crouch, J., Wang, A., Moreno, M. A., Ahrens, K., & Breland, D. J. (2017). Understanding online resource use by transgender youth and caregivers: A qualitative study. Transgender Health, 2(1), 129-139.


Counselling for parents

Di Ceglie, D., & Thümmel, E. C. (2006). An experience of group work with parents of children and adolescents with gender identity disorder. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 11(3), 387-396.

Menvielle, E. J., & Tuerk, C. (2002). A support group for parents of gender-nonconforming boys. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(8), 1010-1013.

Menvielle, E., & Hill, D. B. (2010). An affirmative intervention for families with gender-variant children: A process evaluation. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 15(1), 94-123.


Mental health and clinical perspectives

Collier, K. L., van Beusekom, G., Bos, H. M. W., & Sandfort, T. G. M. (2013). Sexual orientation and gender identity/expression related peer victimization in adolescence: A systematic review of associated psychosocial and health outcomes. The Journal of Sex Research, 50(3-4), 299-317.

Connolly, M. D., Zervos, M. J., Barone II, C. J., Johnson, C. C., & Joseph, C. L. M. (2016). The mental health of transgender youth: Advances in understanding. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(5), 489-495.

Coolhart, D., Baker, A., Farmer, S., Malaney, M., & Shipman, D. (2013). Therapy with transsexual youth and their families: A clinical tool for assessing youth’s readiness for gender transition. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 39(2), 223-243.

Coolhart, D., & Shipman, D. L. (2017). Working toward family attunement: Family therapy with transgender and gender-nonconforming children and adolescents. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 40(1), 113-125.

Durwood, L., McLaughlin, K. A., & Olson, K. R. (2017). Mental health and self-worth in socially transitioned transgender youth. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(2), 116-123.

Edwards-Leeper, L., Leibowitz, S., & Sangganjanavanich, V. F. (2016). Affirmative practice with transgender and gender nonconforming youth: Expanding the model. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 3(2), 165-172.

Ehrensaft, D. (2011). Boys will be girls, girls will be boys: Children affect parents as parents affect children in gender nonconformity. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 28(4), 528-548.

Ehrensaft, D. (2012). From gender identity disorder to gender identity creativity: True gender self child therapy. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 337-356.

Ehrensaft, D. (2013). ‘Look, mom, I’m a boy—don’t tell anyone I was a girl’. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 9-28.

Ehrensaft, D. (2014). Found in transition: Our littlest transgender people. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 50(4), 571-592.

Hidalgo, M. A., Ehrensaft, D., Tishelman, A. C., Clark, L. F., Garofalo, R., Rosenthal, S. M., . . . Olson, J. (2013). The gender affirmative model: What we know and what we aim to learn. Human Development, 56, 285-290. Ignatavicius, S. (2013). Stress in female-identified transgender youth: A review of the literature on effects and interventions. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(4), 267-286.

Leibowitz, S. F., & Telingator, C. (2012). Assessing gender identity concerns in children and adolescents: Evaluation, treatments and outcomes. Current Psychiatry Reports, 14(2), 111-120.

McConnell, E. A., Birkett, M., & Mustanski, B. (2016). Families matter: Social support and mental health trajectories among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(6), 674-680.

Olson, K. R. (2016). Prepubescent transgender children: What we do and do not know. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(3), 155-156.e153.

Olson, K. R., Durwood, L., DeMeules, M., & McLaughlin, K. A. (2016). Mental health of transgender children who are supported in their identities. Pediatrics, 137(3), e20153223.

Olson-Kennedy, J. (2016). Mental health disparities among transgender youth: Rethinking the role of professionals. JAMA Pediatrics, 170(5), 423-424.

Reisner, S. L., Biello, K. B., White Hughto, J. M., Kuhns, L., Mayer, K. H., Garofalo, R., & Mimiaga, M. J. (2016). Psychiatric diagnoses and comorbidities in a diverse, multicity cohort of young transgender women: Baseline findings from Project Lifeskills. JAMA Pediatrics, 170(5), 481-486.

Reisner, S. L., Vetters, R., Leclerc, M., Zaslow, S., Wolfrum, S., Shumer, D., & Mimiaga, M. J. (2015). Mental health of transgender youth in care at an adolescent urban community health center: A matched retrospective cohort study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(3), 274-279.

Rosenberg, M. (2002). Children with gender identity issues and their parents in individual and group treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(5), 619-621.

Singh, A. A., Meng, S. E., & Hansen, A. W. (2014). “I am my own gender”: Resilience strategies of trans youth. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92(2), 208-218.

Wallace, R., & Russell, H. (2013). Attachment and shame in gender-nonconforming children and their families: Toward a theoretical framework for evaluating clinical interventions. International Journal of Transgenderism, 14(3), 113-126.

Zeeman, L., Aranda, K., Sherriff, N., & Cocking, C. (2017). Promoting resilience and emotional well-being of transgender young people: Research at the intersections of gender and sexuality. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(3), 382-397.


Suicidality and self-harm

Arcelus, J., Claes, L., Witcomb, G. L., Marshall, E., & Bouman, W. P. (2016). Risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury among trans youth. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 12(3), 402-412.

Grossman, A. H., & D’Augelli, A. R. (2007). Transgender youth and life-threatening behaviors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 37(5), 527-537.

Mustanski, B. S., Garofalo, R., & Emerson, E. M. (2010). Mental health disorders, psychological distress, and suicidality in a diverse sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12), 2426-2432.

Perez-Brumer, A., Day, J. K., Russell, S. T., & Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among transgender youth in California: Findings from a representative, population-based sample of high school students. Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(9), 739-746.

Peterson, C. M., Matthews, A., Copps-Smith, E., & Conard, L. A. (2017). Suicidality, self-harm, and body dissatisfaction in transgender adolescents and emerging adults with gender dysphoria. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 47(4), 475-482.

Yadegarfard, M., Ho, R., & Bahramabadian, F. (2013). Influences on loneliness, depression, sexual-risk behaviour and suicidal ideation among Thai transgender youth. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 15(6), 726-737.

Yadegarfard, M., Meinhold-Bergmann, M. E., & Ho, R. (2014). Family rejection, social isolation, and loneliness as predictors of negative health outcomes (depression, suicidal ideation, and sexual risk behavior) among Thai male-to-female transgender adolescents. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(4), 347-363.


Health professionals and health-care

Elinson, M. (2017). Transforming families: The effects of familial social support and belongingness on the health identity development of trans youth. Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal, 4(1), Article 3.

Frohard-Dourlent, H., Dobson, S., Clark, B. A., Doull, M., & Saewyc, E. M. (2016). ‘I would have preferred more options’: Accounting for non-binary youth in health research. Nursing Inquiry.

Gridley, S. J., Crouch, J. M., Evans, Y., Eng, W., Antoon, E., Lyapustina, M., . . . Breland, D. J. (2016). Youth and caregiver perspectives on barriers to gender-affirming health care for transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(3), 254-261.

Guss, C. E., Woolverton, A., Borus, J., Reisner, S. L., Austin, S. B., & Katz-Wise, S. L. (2017). “Just step up:” a qualitative study of transgender adolescents’ experiences in primary care. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(2), S28-S29.

Hewitt, J. K., Paul, C., Kasiannan, P., Grover, S. R., Newman, L. K., & Warner, G. L. (2012). Hormone treatment of gender identity disorder in a cohort of children and adolescents. Medical Journal of Australia, 196(9), 578-581.

McCann, E., Keogh, B., Doyle, L., & Coyne, I. (2017). The experiences of youth who identify as trans* in relation to health and social care needs: A scoping review. Youth & Society.

Milrod, C., & Karasic, D. H. (2017). Age is just a number: WPATH-affiliated surgeons’ experiences and attitudes toward vaginoplasty in transgender females under 18 years of age in the United States. Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2011). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents according to health professionals. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13(2), 54-63.

Telfer, M., Tollit, M., & Feldman, D. (2015). Transformation of health-care and legal systems for the transgender population: The need for change in Australia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 51(11), 1051-1053.

Veale, J. F., Watson, R. J., Peter, T., & Saewyc, E. M. (2017). Mental health disparities among Canadian transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(1), 44-49.


Fertility and fertility preservation

Clark, B., Jarin, J., Strang, J., Call, D., Solages, M., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2017). Transgender adolescent attitudes towards their future fertility. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 30(2), 326.

Knudson, G., & De Sutter, P. (2017). Fertility options in transgender and gender diverse adolescents. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 96(10), 1269-1272.

Light, A., Wang, L.-F., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2017). The family planning needs of young transgender men. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 30(2), 274.

Nahata, L., Tishelman, A. C., Caltabellotta, N. M., & Quinn, G. P. (2017). Low fertility preservation utilization among transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(1), 40-44.

Strang, J. F., Jarin, J., Call, D., Clark, B., Wallace, G. L., Anthony, L. G., . . . Gomez-Lobo, V. (2017). Transgender Youth Fertility Attitudes Questionnaire: Measure development in nonautistic and autistic transgender youth and their parents. Journal of Adolescent Health.


Critiques of pathologising accounts

Ansara, Y. G., & Hegarty, P. (2012). Cisgenderism in psychology: Pathologising and misgendering children from 1999 to 2008. Psychology & Sexuality, 3(2), 137-160.

Bryant, K. (2006). Making gender identity disorder of childhood: Historical lessons for contemporary debates. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 3(3), 23-39.

Hidalgo, M. A., Ehrensaft, D., Tishelman, A. C., Clark, L. F., Garofalo, R., Rosenthal, S. M., . . . Olson, J. (2013). The gender affirmative model: What we know and what we aim to learn. Human Development, 56, 285-290.

Hill, D. B., Rozanski, C., Carfagnini, J., & Willoughby, B. (2006). Gender identity disorders in childhood and adolescence: A critical inquiry. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 17(3-4), 7-34.

Langer, S. J., & Martin, J. I. (2004). How dresses can make you mentally ill: Examining gender identity disorder in children. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 21(1), 5-23.

Olson, K. R. (2016). Prepubescent transgender children: What we do and do not know. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(3), 155-156.e153.

Pyne, J. (2014). The governance of gender non-conforming children: A dangerous enclosure. Annual Review of Critical Psychology, 11, 79-96.

Schwartz, D. (2012). Listening to children imagining gender: Observing the inflation of an idea. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 460-479.

Tosh, J. (2011). Professor Zucker’s invitation as a keynote speaker to the Division of Clinical Psychology annual conference: A response. PsyPag Quarterly, 78, 14-19.

Tosh, J. (2011). “Zuck off”! A commentary on the protest against Ken Zucker and his “treatment” of childhood gender identity disorder. Psychology of Women Section Review, 13(1), 10-16.


Critical perspectives

Castañeda, C. (2015). Developing gender: The medical treatment of transgender young people. Social Science & Medicine, 143, 262-270.

Costello, L., & Duncan, D. (2006). The “evidence” of sex, the “truth” of gender: Shaping children’s bodies. Children’s Geographies, 4(2), 157-172.

Graham, K., Treharne, G. J., & Nairn, K. (2017). Using Foucault’s theory of disciplinary power to critically examine the construction of gender in secondary schools. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 11(2), e12302

Jones, T. (2016). Researching and working for transgender youth: Contexts, problems and solutions. Social Sciences, 5(3), 43+.

Pyne, J. (2014). Gender independent kids: A paradigm shift in approaches to gender non-conforming children. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 23(1), 1-8.

Roen, K. (2011). The discursive and clinical production of trans youth: Gender variant youth who seek puberty supression. Psychology & Sexuality, 2(1), 58-68.

Wiseman, M., & Davidson, S. (2011). Problems with binary gender discourse: Using context to promote flexibility and connection in gender identity. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 17(4), 528-537.


Popular culture and media

Neary, A. (2017). New trans* visibilities: Working the limits and possibilities of gender at school. Sex Education.

Owen, G. (2016). Is the trans child a queer child? Constructing normativity in Raising Ryland and I Am Jazz: A Family in Transition. Queer Studies in Media & Popular Culture, 1(1), 95-109.



Shrader, C. (2017). Uniform rules: Addressing the disparate rules that deny student-athletes the opportunity to participate in sports according to gender identity. University of Richmond Law Review, 51(2), 637-664.

Travers, A. (2016). Transgender and gender-nonconforming kids and the binary requirements of sport participation in North America. In M. A. Messner & M. Musto (Eds.), Child’s play: Sport in kids’ worlds (pp. 179-201). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.


Housing and homelessness

Knerr, K. (2014). Independent living skills program for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender homeless youth: A grant proposal. Master of Social Work, California State University.

Reck, J. (2009). Homeless gay and transgender youth of color in San Francisco: “No one likes street kids”—even in the Castro. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6(2-3), 223-242.

Shelton, J. (2013). There’s no place like home? The experiences of unstably housed transgender and gender non-conforming young people. Doctor of Philosophy, University of New York.

Shelton, J., Wagaman, M. A., Small, L., & Abramovich, A. (2017). I’m more driven now: Resilience and resistance among transgender and gender expansive youth and young adults experiencing homelessness. International Journal of Transgenderism.

Shelton, J., Wagaman, M. A., Small, L., & Abramovich, A. (2017). I’m more driven now: Resilience and resistance among transgender and gender expansive youth and young adults experiencing homelessness. International Journal of Transgenderism.


Legal aspects

Kelly, F. (2016). “The court process is slow but biology is fast”: Assessing the impact of the family court approval process on transgender children and their families. La Trobe Law School – Law & Justice Research Paper Series Paper No. 16-4.

Miller, s.j, Mayo, C., & Lugg, C. A. (2017). Sex and gender in transition in US schools: Ways forward. Sex Education.

Minter, S. P. (2012). Supporting transgender children: New legal, social, and medical approaches. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 422-433.



Jones, T. (2017). Trump, trans students and transnational progress. Sex Education.


Population estimates

Shields, J. P., Cohen, R., Glassman, J. R., Whitaker, K., Franks, H., & Bertolini, I. (2013). Estimating population size and demographic characteristics of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in middle school. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(2), 248-250.


Adult views of trans and gender diverse children and young people

Elischberger, H. B., Glazier, J. J., Hill, E. D., & Verduzco-Baker, L. (2016). ‘Boys don’t cry’—or do they? Adult attitudes toward and beliefs about transgender youth. Sex Roles, 75(5), 197-214.


Transgender adults reflecting on childhood

Hellen, M. (2009). Transgender children in schools. Liminalis: journal for sex/gender emancipation and resistance, 3, 81-99.

Kennedy, N., & Hellen, M. (2010). Transgender children: More than a theoretical challenge. Graduate Journal of Social Science, 7(2), 25-43.

Riley, E. A., Clemson, L., Sitharthan, G., & Diamond, M. (2013). Surviving a gender variant childhood: The views of transgender adults on the needs of gender variant children and their parents. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 39(3), 241-263.

Sullivan, A. L. (2009). Hiding in the open: Navigating education at the gender poles: A study of transgender children in early childhood. Doctor of Philosophy, Arizona State University.