Journal articles

Children/young people’s experiences

Austin, A. (2016). ‘There I am’: A grounded theory study of young adults navigating a transgender or gender nonconforming identity within a context of oppression and invisibility. Sex Roles, 75(5-6), 215-230.

Byron, P., & Hunt, J. (2017). ‘That happened to me too’: Young people’s informal knowledge of diverse genders and sexualities. Sex Education, 17(3), 319-332.

Catalpa, J. M., & McGuire, J. K. (2018). Family boundary ambiguity among transgender youth. Family Relations, 67(1), 88-103.

DiFulvio, G. T. (2015). Experiencing violence and enacting resilience: The case story of a transgender youth. Violence Against Women, 21(11), 1385-1405.

Grossman, A. H., & D’Augelli, A. R. (2006). Transgender youth: Invisible and vulnerable. Journal of Homosexuality, 51(1), 111-128.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., & Salter, N. P. (2006). Male-to-female transgender youth: Gender expression milestones, gender atypicality, victimization, and parents’ responses. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 2(1), 71-92.

Jones, T., & Hillier, L. (2013). Comparing trans-spectrum and same-sex-attracted youth in Australia: Increased risks, increased activisms. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(4), 287-307.

Katz-Wise, S. L., Budge, S. L., Fugate, E., Flanagan, K., Touloumtzis, C., Rood, B., . . . Leibowitz, S. (2017). Transactional pathways of transgender identity development in transgender and gender-nonconforming youth and caregiver perspectives from the Trans Youth Family Study. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(3), 243-263.

Katz-Wise, S. L., Budge, S. L., Orovecz, J. J., Nguyen, B., Nava-Coulter, B., & Thomson, K. (2017). Imagining the future: Perspectives among youth and caregivers in the Trans Youth Family study. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 26-40.

McGuire, J. K., & Conover-Williams, M. (2010). Creating spaces to support transgender youth. Prevention Researcher, 17(4), 17-20.

Pollock, L., & Eyre, S. L. (2012). Growth into manhood: Identity development among female-to-male transgender youth. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 14(2), 209-222.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A. (2018). Gender non-conforming children, trans youth and their family. In P. Dunk-West & T. Hafford-Letchfield (Eds.), Sexuality, sexual and gender identities and intimacy research in social work and social care: A lifecourse epistemology. London: Routledge.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Hébert, W., Lee, E. O. J., Faddoul, M., Tourki, D., & Bellot, C. (2018). Digging beneath the surface: Results from stage one of a qualitative analysis of factors influencing the well-being of trans youth in Quebec. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 184-202.


Children/young people’s school experiences

Clark, T. C., Lucassen, M. F. G., Bullen, P., Denny, S. J., Fleming, T. M., Robinson, E. M., & Rossen, F. V. (2014). The health and well-being of transgender high school students: Results from the New Zealand Adolescent Health Survey (Youth’12). Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(1), 93-99.

Day, J. K., Perez-Brumer, A., & Russell, S. T. (Online First 2018). Safe schools? Transgender youth’s school experiences and perceptions of school climate. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.

Gutierrez, N. (2004). Resisting fragmentation, living whole: Four female transgender students of color speak about school. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 16(3-4), 69-79.

Johnson, C. W., Singh, A. A., & Gonzalez, M. (2014). ‘It’s complicated’: Collective memories of transgender, queer, and questioning youth in high school. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(3), 419-434.

Jones, T., Smith, E., Ward, R., Dixon, J., Hillier, L., & Mitchell, A. (2016). School experiences of transgender and gender diverse students in Australia. Sex Education, 16(2), 156-171.

McBride, R.-S., & Schubotz, D. (2017). Living a fairy tale: The educational experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming youth in Northern Ireland. Child Care in Practice, 23(3), 292-304.

McGlashan, H., & Fitzpatrick, K. (2018). ‘I use any pronouns, and I’m questioning everything else’: Transgender youth and the issue of gender pronouns. Sex Education18(3), 239-252.

McGuire, J. K., Anderson, C. R., Toomey, R. B., & Russell, S. T. (2010). School climate for transgender youth: A mixed method investigation of student experiences and school responses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(10), 1175-1188.

Shelton, S. A., & Lester, A. O. S. (2018). Finding possibilities in the impossible: A celebratory narrative of trans youth experiences in the Southeastern USA. Sex Education, 18(4), 391-405.

Toomey, R. B., Ryan, C., Diaz, R. M., Card, N. A., & Russell, S. T. (2010). Gender-nonconforming lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth: school victimization and young adult psychosocial adjustment. Developmental Psychology46(6), 1580-1589.

Ullman, J. (2017). Teacher positivity towards gender diversity: Exploring relationships and school outcomes for transgender and gender-diverse students. Sex Education, 17(3), 276-289.

Wyss, S. E. (2004). ‘This was my hell’: The violence experienced by gender nonconforming youth in U.S. high schools. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 17(5), 709-730.


Supporting trans and gender diverse students at school

Bartholomaeus, C., & Riggs, D. W. (2017). Whole-of-school approaches to supporting transgender students, staff, and parents. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(4), 361-366.

Hafford-Letchfield, T., Cocker, C., Ryan, P., & Melonowska, J. (2016). Rights through alliances: Findings from a European project tackling homophobic and transphobic bullying in schools through the engagement of families and young people. British Journal of Social Work, 46(8), 2338-2356.

Luecke, J. C. (2011). Working with transgender children and their classmates in pre-adolescence: Just be supportive. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(2), 116-156.

Sausa, L. A. (2005). Translating research into practice: Trans youth recommendations for improving school systems. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education, 3(1), 15-28.

Tempel, M. B. (2011). It’s OK to be neither: Teaching that supports gender-variant children. Rethinking Schools, 26(1), 51-54.


School environment for trans and gender diverse students

Dessel, A. B., Kulick, A., Wernick, L. J., & Sullivan, D. (2017). The importance of teacher support: Differential impacts by gender and sexuality. Journal of Adolescence, 56(April), 136-144.

García, A. M., & Slesaransky-Poe, G. (2010). The heteronormative classroom: Questioning and liberating practices. The Teacher Educator, 45(4), 244-256.

Greytak, E. A., Kosciw, J. G., & Boesen, M. J. (2013). Putting the ‘T’ in ‘resource’: The benefits of LGBT-related school resources for transgender youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 45-63.

Kwok, D. K. (2018). Community support programme: Support for Chinese trans* students experiencing genderism. Sex Education, 18(4), 406-419.

Lefevor, G. T., Sprague, B. M., Boyd-Rogers, C. C., & Smack, A. C. P. (Online First 2018). How well do various types of support buffer psychological distress among transgender and gender nonconforming students? International Journal of Transgenderism.

McCarthy, L. (2003). What about the ‘T’? Is multicultural education ready to address transgender issues? Multicultural Perspectives, 5(4), 46-48.

Meyer, E. J., Tilland-Stafford, A., & Airton, L. (2016). Transgender and gender-creative students in pk-12 schools: What we can learn from their teachers. Teachers College Record, 118(8).

O’Flynn, S. (2016). ‘Oh yeah – is she a he-she?’ female to male transgendered pupils in the formal and informal cultures of an English secondary school. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 24(3), 431-444.

Slesaransky-Poe, G. (2013). Adults set the tone for welcoming all students. Phi Delta Kappan, 94(5), 40-44.

Slesaransky-Poe, G., Ruzzi, L., Dimedio, C., & Stanley, J. (2013). Is this the right elementary school for my gender nonconforming child? Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 29-44.

Wernick, L. J., Kulick, A., & Inglehart, M. H. (2014). Influences of peers, teachers, and climate on students’ willingness to intervene when witnessing anti-transgender harassment. Journal of Adolescence, 37(6), 927-935.

Wilson, I., Griffin, C., & Wren, B. (2005). The interaction between young people with atypical gender identity organization and their peers. Journal of Health Psychology10(3), 307-315.

Woolley, S. W. (2015). ‘Boys over here, girls over there’: A critical literacy of binary gender in schools. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly2(3), 376-394.


Education and school policies

Airton, L. (2018). The de/politicization of pronouns: Implications of the No Big Deal Campaign for gender-expansive educational policy and practice. Gender and Education30(6), 790-810.

Cumming-Potvin, W., & Martino, W. (2018). The policyscape of transgender equality and gender diversity in the Western Australian education system: A case study. Gender and Education30(6), 715-735.

Herriot, L., Burns, D. P., & Yeung, B. (2018). Contested spaces: Trans-inclusive school policies and parental sovereignty in Canada. Gender and Education30(6), 695-714.

Jones, T. (2018). Trump, trans students and transnational progress. Sex Education18(4), 479-494.

Martino, W., Airton, L., Kuhl, D., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (Online First 2018). Mapping transgender policyscapes: A policy analysis of transgender inclusivity in the education system in Ontario. Journal of Education Policy.

Meyer, E. J., & Keenan, H. (2018). Can policies help schools affirm gender diversity? A policy archaeology of transgender-inclusive policies in California schools. Gender and Education30(6), 736-753.

Sinclair-Palm, J., & Gilbert, J. (2018). Naming new realities: Supporting trans youth in education. Sex Education, 18(4), 321-327.

Stiegler, S. (2016). Privacy for all students? Talking about and around trans students in ‘public’. Curriculum Inquiry, 46(4), 348-368.


Alliance groups

Poteat, V. P., Calzo, J. P., Yoshikawa, H., Miller, sj, Ceccolini, C. J., Rosenbach, S., & Mauceri, N. (2018). Discussing transgender topics within gay-straight alliances: Factors that could promote more frequent conversations. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 119-131.


Young people’s understandings of gender diversity

Bragg, S., Renold, E., Ringrose, J., & Jackson, C. (2018). ‘More than boy, girl, male, female’: Exploring young people’s views on gender diversity within and beyond school contexts. Sex Education, 18(4), 420-434.


Teaching and curriculum about trans and gender diverse experiences

Cumming-Potvin, W., & Martino, W. (2018). Countering heteronormativity and cisnormativity in Australian schools: Examining English teachers’ reflections on gender and sexual diversity in the classroom. Teaching and Teacher Education, 7435-48.

DePalma, R. (2013). Choosing to lose our gender expertise: Queering sex/gender in school settings. Sex Education, 13(1), 1-15.

De Pedro, K. T., Jackson, C., Campbell, E., Gilley, J., & Ciarelli, B. (2016). Creating trans-inclusive schools: Introductory activities that enhance the critical consciousness of future educators. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 28(2), 293-301.

Hermann-Wilmarth, J. M., Lannen, R., & Ryan, C. L. (2017). Critical literacy and transgender topics in an upper elementary classroom: A portrait of possibility. Journal of Language and Literacy Education, 13(1), 15-27.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2016). Teaching about sexual minorities and ‘princess boys’: A queer and trans-infused approach to investigating LGBTQ-themed texts in the elementary school classroom. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 807-827.

Rands, K. (2013). Supporting transgender and gender-nonconforming youth through teaching mathematics for social justice. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 106-126.

Romesburg, D. (2015). There’s no T in fair?: Implementing a trans-inclusive k–12 history law. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 488-494.

Ryan, C. L., Patraw, J. M., & Bednar, M. (2013). Discussing princess boys and pregnant men: Teaching about gender diversity and transgender experiences within an elementary school curriculum. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 83-105


Teaching and curriculum about trans and gender diverse literature

Blackburn, M., Clark, C., & Martino, W. (2016). Investigating LGBT-themed literature and trans informed pedagogies in classrooms. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 801-806.

DePalma, R. (2016). Gay penguins, sissy ducklings … and beyond? Exploring gender and sexuality diversity through children’s literature. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 828-845.

Hermann-Wilmarth, J. M., Lannen, R., & Ryan, C. L. (2017). Critical literacy and transgender topics in an upper elementary classroom: A portrait of possibility. Journal of Language and Literacy Education, 13(1), 15-27.

Martino, W. J., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2015). Teaching about ‘‘princess boys’’ or not: The case of one male elementary school teacher and the polemics of gender expression and embodiment. Men and Masculinities, 18(1), 79-99.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2016). Teaching about sexual minorities and ‘princess boys’: A queer and trans-infused approach to investigating LGBTQ-themed texts in the elementary school classroom. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 807-827.

Parsons, L. T. (2011/2012). Advocating for LGBTQ teens through literature: Preservice teachers respond to LunaSIGNAL, 35(1), 7–13.

Parsons, L. T. (2016). Learning from preservice teachers’ responses to trans-themed young adult literature: Improving personal practice in teacher education. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 933-947.

Sullivan, A. L. (2016). Kindergartners studying trans* issues through I Am Jazz. In sj Miller (Ed.), Teaching, affirming, and recognizing trans and gender creative youth: A queer literacy framework (pp. 63-80). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


Educator and staff views of trans and gender diverse students

Bartholomaeus, C., Riggs, D. W., & Andrew, Y. (2017). The capacity of South Australian primary school teachers and pre-service teachers to work with trans and gender diverse students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 65, 127-135.

Frohard-Dourlent, H. (2016). ‘I don’t care what’s under your clothes’: The discursive positioning of educators working with trans and gender-nonconforming students. Sex Education, 16(1), 63-76.

Frohard-Dourlent, H. (2018). ‘The student drives the car, right?’: Trans students and narratives of decision-making in schools. Sex Education, 18(4), 328-344.

Kurt, L. J., & Chenault, K. H. (2017). School policy and transgender identity expression: A study of school administrators’ experiences. International Journal of Educational Policy & Leadership, 12(3).

Malins, P. (2016). How inclusive is ‘inclusive education’ in the Ontario elementary classroom?: Teachers talk about addressing diverse gender and sexual identities. Teaching and Teacher Education, 54, 128-138.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (Online First 2017). ‘Effeminate arty boys and butch soccer girls’: Investigating queer and trans-affirmative pedagogies under conditions of neoliberal governance. Research Papers in Education.

Martino, W. J., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2015). Teaching about ‘princess boys’ or not: The case of one male elementary school teacher and the polemics of gender expression and embodiment. Men and Masculinities, 18(1), 79-99.

Meyer, E. J., & Leonardi, B. (2018). Teachers’ professional learning to affirm transgender, non-binary, and gender-creative youth: Experiences and recommendations from the field. Sex Education18(4), 449-463.

Payne, E., & Smith, M. (2014). The big freak out: Educator fear in response to the presence of transgender elementary school students. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(3), 399-418.

Silveira, J. M., & Goff, S. C. (2016). Music teachers’ attitudes toward transgender students and supportive school practices. Journal of Research in Music Education, 64(2), 138-158.

Smith, M. J., & Payne, E. (2016). Binaries and biology: Conversations with elementary education professionals after professional development on supporting transgender students. The Educational Forum, 80(1), 34-47.

Ullman, J. (Online First 2018). Breaking out of the (anti)bullying ‘box’: NYC educators discuss trans/gender diversity-inclusive policies and curriculum. Sex Education.

Wright-Maley, C., Davis, T., Gonzalez, E. M., & Colwell, R. (2016). Considering perspectives on transgender inclusion in Canadian Catholic elementary schools: Perspectives, challenges, and opportunities. The Journal of Social Studies Research, 40(3), 187-204.


School administrators

Kurt, L. J., & Chenault, K. H. (2017). School policy and transgender identity expression: A study of school administrators’ experiences. International Journal of Educational Policy & Leadership, 12(3).

Leonardi, B., & Staley, S. (2018). What’s involved in ‘the work’? Understanding administrators’ roles in bringing trans-affirming policies into practice. Gender and Education30(6), 754-773.


School nurses

Cicero, E. C., & Wesp, L. M. (2017). Supporting the health and well-being of transgender students. The Journal of School Nursing, 33(2), 95-108.


Sexuality education

Bittner, R. (2012). Queering sex education: Young adult literature with LGBT content as complementary sources of sex and sexuality education. Journal of LGBT Youth, 9(4), 357-372.

Bradford, N. J., DeWitt, J., Decker, J., Berg, D. R., Spencer, K. G., & Ross, M. W. (Online First 2018). Sex education and transgender youth: ‘Trust means material by and for queer and trans people’. Sex Education.

Garland-Levett, S. (2017). Exploring discursive barriers to sexual health and social justice in the New Zealand sexuality education curriculum. Sex Education, 17(2), 121-134.

Green, E. R. (2010). Shifting paradigms: Moving beyond ‘trans 101’ in sexuality education. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 5(1), 1-16.

Owen, G. (2017). Adolescence, trans phenomena, and the politics of sexuality education. In L. Allen & M. L. Rasmussen (Eds.), The Palgrave handbook of sexuality education (pp. 555-570). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2018). Transgender young people’s narratives of intimacy and sexual health: Implications for sexuality education. Sex Education18(4), 376-390.


Sexuality and sexual health

Bungener, S. L., Steensma, T. D., Cohen-Kettenis, P. T., & de Vries, A. L. C. (2017). Sexual and romantic experiences of transgender youth before gender-affirmative treatment. Pediatrics, 139(3), e20162283.

Veale, J., Watson, R. J., Adjei, J., & Saewyc, E. (2016). Prevalence of pregnancy involvement among Canadian transgender youth and its relation to mental health, sexual health, and gender identity. International Journal of Transgenderism, 17(3-4), 107-113.


School counsellors/psychologists and trans and gender diverse students

Agee-Aguayo, J., Bloomquist, E., Savage, T. A., & Woitaszewski, S. A. (2017). School psychologists in support of transgender and gender diverse students in light of California’s AB 1266 (School Success and Opportunity Act): Implications and opportunities. Contemporary School Psychology, 21(2), 152-165.

Bowers, S., Lewandowski, J., Savage, T. A., & Woitaszewski, S. A. (2015). School psychologists’ attitudes toward transgender students. Journal of LGBT Youth, 12(1), 1-18.

Case, K. A., & Meier, S. C. (2014). Developing allies to transgender and gender-nonconforming youth: Training for counselors and educators. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(1), 62-82.

Chen-Hayes, S. F. (2001). Counseling and advocacy with transgendered and gender-variant persons in schools and families. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 40(1), 34-48.

Coolhart, D., & MacKnight, V. (2015). Working with transgender youths and their families: Counselors and therapists as advocates for trans-affirmative school environments. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy, 2(1), 51-64.

de Jong, D. (2014). ‘I think it would be a very sensitive topic …’ school social work, gender variance, and the silencing of differences. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 24(7), 869-879.

de Jong, D. (2015) ‘He Wears Pink Leggings Almost Every Day, and a Pink Sweatshirt….’ How School Social Workers Understand and Respond to Gender Variance. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal32(3), 247-255.

Gonzalez, M., & McNulty, J. (2010). Achieving competency with transgender youth: School counselors as collaborative advocates. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 4(4-3), 176-186.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2015). The role of school counsellors and psychologists in supporting transgender people. The Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 32(2), 158-170.

Simons, J. D., Beck, M. J., Asplund, N. R., Chan, C. D., & Byrd, R. (2018). Advocacy for gender minority students: Recommendations for school counsellors. Sex Education, 18(4), 464-478.

Singh, A. A., & Burnes, T. R. (2009). Creating developmentally appropriate, safe counseling environments for transgender youth: The critical role of school counselors. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 3(3-4), 215-234.


Educational psychology

Yavuz, C. (2016). Gender variance and educational psychology: Implications for practice. Educational Psychology in Practice, 32(4), 395-409.


School facilities

Davies, A. W. J., Vipond, E., & King, A. (Online First 2017). Gender binary washrooms as a means of gender policing in schools: A Canadian perspective. Gender and Education.

Eckes, S. E. (2017). The restroom and locker room wars: Where to pee or not to pee. Journal of LGBT Youth, 14(3), 247-265.

Ingrey, J. (2018). Problematizing the cisgendering of school washroom space: Interrogating the politics of recognition of transgender and gender non-conforming youth. Gender and Education30(6), 774-789.

Porta, C. M., Gower, A. L., Mehus, C. J., Xiaohui Yu, Saewyc, E. M., & Eisenberg, M. E. (2017). ‘Kicked out’: LGBTQ youths’ bathroom experiences and preferences. Journal of Adolescence, 56(April), 107-112.

Purvis, D. E. (2017). Transgender children, teaching early acceptance, and the heckler’s veto. In A. Sarat (Ed.), Studies in law, politics, and society (studies in law, politics and society, volume 72) (pp. 219-252). Bingley: Emerald Publishing Limited.

Slater, J., Jones, C., & Procter, L. (Online First 2016). School toilets: Queer, disabled bodies and gendered lessons of embodiment. Gender and Education.

Wernick, L. J., Kulick, A., & Chin, M. (2017). Gender identity disparities in bathroom safety and wellbeing among high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(5), 917-930.


Catholic schools

Herriot, L., & Callaghan, T. D. (2018). Disrupting the trans-versus-Catholic dichotomy: An example from a Canadian elementary school policy. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 170-183.


Parents of trans and gender diverse children/young people

Aramburu Alegría, C. (2018). Supporting families of transgender children/youth: Parents speak on their experiences, identity, and views. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 132-143.

Barron, C., & Capous-Desyllas, M. (2017). Transgressing the gendered norms in childhood: Understanding transgender children and their families. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 13(5), 407-438.

Capous-Desyllas, M., & Barron, C. (2017). Identifying and navigating social and institutional challenges of transgender children and families. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 34(6), 527-542.

Chen, D., Hidalgo, M. A., & Garofalo, R. (2017). Parental perceptions of emotional and behavioral difficulties among prepubertal gender-nonconforming children. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 5(4), 342-352.

Field, T. L., & Mattson, G. (2016). Parenting transgender children in PFLAG. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 12(5), 413-429.

Gonzalez, K. A., Rostosky, S. S., Odom, R. D., & Riggle, E. D. B. (2013). The positive aspects of being the parent of an LGBTQ child. Family Process, 52(2), 325-337.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., Howell, T. J., & Hubbard, S. (2006). Parents’ reactions to transgender youths’ gender nonconforming expression and identityJournal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services18(1), 3-16.

Hill, D. B., & Menvielle, E. (2009). ‘You have to give them a place where they feel protected and safe and loved’: The views of parents who have gender-variant children and adolescents. Journal of LGBT Youth6(2-3), 243-271.

Johnson, S. L., & Benson, K. E. (2014). ‘It’s Always the Mother’s Fault’: Secondary Stigma of Mothering a Transgender Child. Journal of GLBT Family Studies10(1-2), 124-144.

Johnson, D., Sikorski, J., Savage, T. A., & Woitaszewski, S. A. (2014). Parents of youth who identify as transgender: An exploratory study. School Psychology Forum, 8(1), 56-74.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Allen, S. H., Munroe, C., Goldberg, A. E., & Weiner, J. L. (2018). The experiences of sexual minority mothers with trans* children. Family Relations67(1), 70-87.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Mahan, D. J., McGuire, J. K., & Hoffman, T. K. (2018). Perspectives of mothers of transgender and gender-nonconforming children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Homosexuality65(9), 1167-1189.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Weiner, J. L., & Mahan, D. (2014). Child, family, and community transformations: Findings from interviews with mothers of transgender girls. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 10(4), 354-379.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Weiner, J. L., Munroe, C., Goldberg, A. E., & Gardner, M. (2017). Trans and gender-nonconforming children and their caregivers: Gender presentations, peer relations, and well-being at baseline. Journal of Family Psychology, 31(7), 889-899.

Lesser, J. G. (1999). When your son becomes your daughter: A mother’s adjustment to a transgender child. Families in Society, 80(2), 182-189.

Manning, K. E. (2017). Attached advocacy and the rights of the trans child. Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique, 50(2), 579-595.

Manning, K. E., Holmes, C., Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Newhook, J. T., & Travers, A. (2015). Fighting for trans* kids: Academic parent activism in the 21st century. Studies in Social Justice, 9(1), 118-135.

Meadow, T. (2011). ‘Deep down where the music plays’: How parents account for childhood gender variance. Sexualities, 14(6), 725-747.

Pearlman, S. F. (2006). Terms of connection: Mother-talk about female-to-male transgender children. Journal of GLBT Family Studies2(3-4), 93-122.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Robichaud, M. J., & Dumais-Michaud, A. A. (2015). The experience of parents who support their children’s gender variance. Journal of LGBT Youth, 12(1), 39-63.

Rahilly, E. P. (2015). The gender binary meets the gender-variant child: Parents’ negotiations with childhood gender variance. Gender & Society, 29(3), 338-361.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2018). Cisgenderism and certitude: Parents of transgender children negotiating educational contexts. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly5(1), 67-82.

Riggs, D. W., & Due, C. (2015). Support experiences and attitudes of Australian parents of gender variant children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(7), 1999-2007.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2011). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents: A parent survey. International Journal of Sexual Health, 23(3), 181-195.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2013). Recognising the needs of gender-variant children and their parents. Sex Education, 13(6), 644-659.

Slesaransky-Poe, G., & García, A. M. (2009). Boys with gender variant behaviors and interests: From theory to practice. Sex Education, 9(2), 201-210.

Wahlig, J. L. (2015). Losing the child they thought they had: Therapeutic suggestions for an ambiguous loss perspective with parents of a transgender child. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 11(4), 305-326.


Experiences of children/young people and their families

Evans, Y. N., Gridley, S. J., Crouch, J., Wang, A., Moreno, M. A., Ahrens, K., & Breland, D. J. (2017). Understanding online resource use by transgender youth and caregivers: A qualitative study. Transgender Health, 2(1), 129-139.


Counselling for parents

Di Ceglie, D., & Thümmel, E. C. (2006). An experience of group work with parents of children and adolescents with gender identity disorder. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 11(3), 387-396.

Menvielle, E. J., & Tuerk, C. (2002). A support group for parents of gender-nonconforming boys. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(8), 1010-1013.

Menvielle, E., & Hill, D. B. (2010). An affirmative intervention for families with gender-variant children: A process evaluation. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 15(1), 94-123.


Mental health and clinical perspectives

Amodeo, A. L., Picariello, S., Valerio, P., & Scandurra, C. (2018). Empowering transgender youths: Promoting resilience through a group training program. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 22(1), 3-19.

Burgess, C. (1999). Internal and external stress factors associated with the identity development of transgendered youth. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 10(3-4), 35-47.

Collier, K. L., van Beusekom, G., Bos, H. M. W., & Sandfort, T. G. M. (2013). Sexual orientation and gender identity/expression related peer victimization in adolescence: A systematic review of associated psychosocial and health outcomes. The Journal of Sex Research, 50(3-4), 299-317.

Connolly, M. D., Zervos, M. J., Barone II, C. J., Johnson, C. C., & Joseph, C. L. M. (2016). The mental health of transgender youth: Advances in understanding. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(5), 489-495.

Coolhart, D., Baker, A., Farmer, S., Malaney, M., & Shipman, D. (2013). Therapy with transsexual youth and their families: A clinical tool for assessing youth’s readiness for gender transition. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 39(2), 223-243.

Coolhart, D., & Shipman, D. L. (2017). Working toward family attunement: Family therapy with transgender and gender-nonconforming children and adolescents. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 40(1), 113-125.

Durwood, L., McLaughlin, K. A., & Olson, K. R. (2017). Mental health and self-worth in socially transitioned transgender youth. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(2), 116-123.

Edwards-Leeper, L., Leibowitz, S., & Sangganjanavanich, V. F. (2016). Affirmative practice with transgender and gender nonconforming youth: Expanding the model. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 3(2), 165-172.

Ehrensaft, D. (2011). Boys will be girls, girls will be boys: Children affect parents as parents affect children in gender nonconformity. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 28(4), 528-548.

Ehrensaft, D. (2012). From gender identity disorder to gender identity creativity: True gender self child therapy. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 337-356.

Ehrensaft, D. (2013). ‘Look, mom, I’m a boy—don’t tell anyone I was a girl’. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 9-28.

Ehrensaft, D. (2014). Found in transition: Our littlest transgender people. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 50(4), 571-592.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., & Frank, J. A. (2011). Aspects of psychological resilience among transgender youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(2), 103-115.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., Salter, N. P., & Hubbard, S. M. (2006). Comparing gender expression, gender nonconformity, and parents’ responses of female-to-male and male-to-female transgender youth: Implications for counseling. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 1(1), 41-59.

Hidalgo, M. A., Ehrensaft, D., Tishelman, A. C., Clark, L. F., Garofalo, R., Rosenthal, S. M., . . . Olson, J. (2013). The gender affirmative model: What we know and what we aim to learn. Human Development, 56, 285-290.

Ignatavicius, S. (2013). Stress in female-identified transgender youth: A review of the literature on effects and interventions. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(4), 267-286.

Leibowitz, S. F., & Telingator, C. (2012). Assessing gender identity concerns in children and adolescents: Evaluation, treatments and outcomes. Current Psychiatry Reports, 14(2), 111-120.

McConnell, E. A., Birkett, M., & Mustanski, B. (2016). Families matter: Social support and mental health trajectories among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(6), 674-680.

Olson, K. R. (2016). Prepubescent transgender children: What we do and do not know. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(3), 155-156.e153.

Olson, K. R., Durwood, L., DeMeules, M., & McLaughlin, K. A. (2016). Mental health of transgender children who are supported in their identities. Pediatrics, 137(3), e20153223.

Olson-Kennedy, J. (2016). Mental health disparities among transgender youth: Rethinking the role of professionals. JAMA Pediatrics, 170(5), 423-424.

Reisner, S. L., Biello, K. B., White Hughto, J. M., Kuhns, L., Mayer, K. H., Garofalo, R., & Mimiaga, M. J. (2016). Psychiatric diagnoses and comorbidities in a diverse, multicity cohort of young transgender women: Baseline findings from Project Lifeskills. JAMA Pediatrics, 170(5), 481-486.

Reisner, S. L., Vetters, R., Leclerc, M., Zaslow, S., Wolfrum, S., Shumer, D., & Mimiaga, M. J. (2015). Mental health of transgender youth in care at an adolescent urban community health center: A matched retrospective cohort study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(3), 274-279.

Roen, K. (Online First 2018). Rethinking queer failure: Trans youth embodiments of distress. Sexualities.

Rosenberg, M. (2002). Children with gender identity issues and their parents in individual and group treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(5), 619-621.

Singh, A. A., Meng, S. E., & Hansen, A. W. (2014). ‘I am my own gender’: Resilience strategies of trans youth. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92(2), 208-218.

Wallace, R., & Russell, H. (2013). Attachment and shame in gender-nonconforming children and their families: Toward a theoretical framework for evaluating clinical interventions. International Journal of Transgenderism, 14(3), 113-126.

Zeeman, L., Aranda, K., Sherriff, N., & Cocking, C. (2017). Promoting resilience and emotional well-being of transgender young people: Research at the intersections of gender and sexuality. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(3), 382-397.


Suicidality and self-harm

Arcelus, J., Claes, L., Witcomb, G. L., Marshall, E., & Bouman, W. P. (2016). Risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury among trans youth. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 12(3), 402-412.

Grossman, A. H., & D’Augelli, A. R. (2007). Transgender youth and life-threatening behaviors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 37(5), 527-537.

Mustanski, B. S., Garofalo, R., & Emerson, E. M. (2010). Mental health disorders, psychological distress, and suicidality in a diverse sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12), 2426-2432.

Perez-Brumer, A., Day, J. K., Russell, S. T., & Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among transgender youth in California: Findings from a representative, population-based sample of high school students. Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(9), 739-746.

Peterson, C. M., Matthews, A., Copps-Smith, E., & Conard, L. A. (2017). Suicidality, self-harm, and body dissatisfaction in transgender adolescents and emerging adults with gender dysphoria. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 47(4), 475-482.

Yadegarfard, M., Ho, R., & Bahramabadian, F. (2013). Influences on loneliness, depression, sexual-risk behaviour and suicidal ideation among Thai transgender youth. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 15(6), 726-737.

Yadegarfard, M., Meinhold-Bergmann, M. E., & Ho, R. (2014). Family rejection, social isolation, and loneliness as predictors of negative health outcomes (depression, suicidal ideation, and sexual risk behavior) among Thai male-to-female transgender adolescents. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(4), 347-363.


Healthcare and health professionals

Clark, B. A., Veale, J. F., Townsend, M., Frohard-Dourlent, H., & Saewyc, E. (2018). Non-binary youth: Access to gender-affirming primary health care. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 158-169.

Elinson, M. (2017). Transforming families: The effects of familial social support and belongingness on the health identity development of trans youth. Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal, 4(1), Article 3.

Frohard-Dourlent, H., Dobson, S., Clark, B. A., Doull, M., & Saewyc, E. M. (2017). ‘I would have preferred more options’: Accounting for non-binary youth in health research. Nursing Inquiry, 24(1), e12150.

Gridley, S. J., Crouch, J. M., Evans, Y., Eng, W., Antoon, E., Lyapustina, M., . . . Breland, D. J. (2016). Youth and caregiver perspectives on barriers to gender-affirming health care for transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(3), 254-261.

Guss, C. E., Woolverton, A., Borus, J., Reisner, S. L., Austin, S. B., & Katz-Wise, S. L. (2017). ‘Just step up’: a qualitative study of transgender adolescents’ experiences in primary care. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(2), S28-S29.

Hewitt, J. K., Paul, C., Kasiannan, P., Grover, S. R., Newman, L. K., & Warner, G. L. (2012). Hormone treatment of gender identity disorder in a cohort of children and adolescents. Medical Journal of Australia, 196(9), 578-581.

McCann, E., Keogh, B., Doyle, L., & Coyne, I. (Online First 2017). The experiences of youth who identify as trans* in relation to health and social care needs: A scoping review. Youth & Society.

Milrod, C., & Karasic, D. H. (2017). Age is just a number: WPATH-affiliated surgeons’ experiences and attitudes toward vaginoplasty in transgender females under 18 years of age in the United States. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14(4), 624-634.

Rider, G. N., McMorris, B. J., Gower, A. L., Coleman, E., & Eisenberg, M. E. (Online First 2018). Health and care utilization of transgender and gender nonconforming youth: A population-based study. Pediatrics.

Riley, E. (2018). Bullies, blades, and barricades: Practical considerations for working with adolescents expressing concerns regarding gender and identity. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 203-211.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2011). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents according to health professionals. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13(2), 54-63.

Shires, D. A., Schnaar, A., Connolly, M. D., & Stroumsa, D. (2017). To refer or not to refer: General pediatricians’ perspectives on their role in caring for transgender youth. Transgender Health, 2(1), 202-206.

Telfer, M., Tollit, M., & Feldman, D. (2015). Transformation of health-care and legal systems for the transgender population: The need for change in Australia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 51(11), 1051-1053.

Veale, J. F., Watson, R. J., Peter, T., & Saewyc, E. M. (2017). Mental health disparities among Canadian transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(1), 44-49.


Body image

McGuire, J. K., Doty, J. L., Catalpa, J. M., & Ola, C. (2016). Body image in transgender young people: Findings from a qualitative, community based study. Body Image, 18, 96-107.


Fertility and fertility preservation

Alphonso, A., Olezeski, C., Kallen, A., & Cron, J. (2018). Fertility knowledge and preferences among transgender and gender non-conforming adolescents. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 31(2), 185.

Chen, D., Matson, M., Macapagal, K., Johnson, E. K., Rosoklija, I., Finlayson, C., . . . Mustanski, B. (Online First 2018). Attitudes toward fertility and reproductive health among transgender and gender-nonconforming adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health.

Chen, D., Simons, L., Johnson, E. K., Lockart, B. A., & Finlayson, C. (2017). Fertility preservation for transgender adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(1), 120-123.

Clark, B., Jarin, J., Strang, J., Call, D., Solages, M., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2017). Transgender adolescent attitudes towards their future fertility. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 30(2), 326.

deNormand, S. (2017). Fertility preservation in transgender and gender-nonconforming youth and adolescents. In L. Campo-Engelstein & P. Burcher (Eds.), Reproductive ethics: New challenges and conversations (pp. 77-84). Cham: Springer.

Finlayson, C., Johnson, E. K., Chen, D., Dabrowski, E., Gosiengfiao, Y., Campo-Engelstein, L., . . . Woodruff, T. K. (2016). Proceedings of the working group session on fertility preservation for individuals with gender and sex diversity. Transgender Health, 1(1), 99-107.

Hudson, J., Nahata, L., Dietz, E., & Quinn, G. P. (2018). Fertility counseling for transgender AYAs. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 6(1), 84-92.

Knudson, G., & De Sutter, P. (2017). Fertility options in transgender and gender diverse adolescents. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 96(10), 1269-1272.

Light, A., Wang, L.-F., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2017). The family planning needs of young transgender men. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 30(2), 274.

Nahata, L., Curci, M. B., & Quinn, G. P. (2018). Exploring fertility preservation intentions among transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 62(2), 123-125.

Nahata, L., Tishelman, A. C., Caltabellotta, N. M., & Quinn, G. P. (2017). Low fertility preservation utilization among transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(1), 40-44.

Strang, J. F., Jarin, J., Call, D., Clark, B., Wallace, G. L., Anthony, L. G., . . . Gomez-Lobo, V. (2018). Transgender Youth Fertility Attitudes Questionnaire: Measure development in nonautistic and autistic transgender youth and their parents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 62(2), 128-135.

Wakefield, B. W., Boguszewski, K., Cheney, D., & Taylor, J. (2018). Trends in fertility preservation for transgender adolescents and young adults at an academic referral center. Journal of Adolescent Health, 62(2), s41.


Children/young people and (dis)abilities

Duke, T. S. (2011). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth with disabilities: A meta-synthesis. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(1), 1–52.


Critiques of pathologising accounts

Ansara, Y. G., & Hegarty, P. (2012). Cisgenderism in psychology: Pathologising and misgendering children from 1999 to 2008. Psychology & Sexuality, 3(2), 137-160.

Bryant, K. (2006). Making gender identity disorder of childhood: Historical lessons for contemporary debates. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 3(3), 23-39.

Hidalgo, M. A., Ehrensaft, D., Tishelman, A. C., Clark, L. F., Garofalo, R., Rosenthal, S. M., . . . Olson, J. (2013). The gender affirmative model: What we know and what we aim to learn. Human Development, 56, 285-290.

Hill, D. B., Rozanski, C., Carfagnini, J., & Willoughby, B. (2006). Gender identity disorders in childhood and adolescence: A critical inquiry. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 17(3-4), 7-34.

Langer, S. J., & Martin, J. I. (2004). How dresses can make you mentally ill: Examining gender identity disorder in children. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 21(1), 5-23.

Olson, K. R. (2016). Prepubescent transgender children: What we do and do not know. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(3), 155-156.e153.

Pyne, J. (2014). The governance of gender non-conforming children: A dangerous enclosure. Annual Review of Critical Psychology, 11, 79-96.

Schwartz, D. (2012). Listening to children imagining gender: Observing the inflation of an idea. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 460-479.

Tosh, J. (2011). Professor Zucker’s invitation as a keynote speaker to the Division of Clinical Psychology annual conference: A response. PsyPag Quarterly, 78, 14-19.

Tosh, J. (2011). ‘Zuck off’! A commentary on the protest against Ken Zucker and his ‘treatment’ of childhood gender identity disorder. Psychology of Women Section Review, 13(1), 10-16.


Critical perspectives

Castañeda, C. (2015). Developing gender: The medical treatment of transgender young people. Social Science & Medicine, 143, 262-270.

Costello, L., & Duncan, D. (2006). The ‘evidence’ of sex, the ‘truth’ of gender: Shaping children’s bodies. Children’s Geographies, 4(2), 157-172.

Graham, K., Treharne, G. J., & Nairn, K. (2017). Using Foucault’s theory of disciplinary power to critically examine the construction of gender in secondary schools. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 11(2), e12302

Jones, T. (2016). Researching and working for transgender youth: Contexts, problems and solutions. Social Sciences, 5(3), 43+.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2018). Transgender and gender expansive education research, policy and practice: Reflecting on epistemological and ontological possibilities of bodily becoming. Gender and Education, 30(6), 687-694.

Pyne, J. (2014). Gender independent kids: A paradigm shift in approaches to gender non-conforming children. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 23(1), 1-8.

Roen, K. (2011). The discursive and clinical production of trans youth: Gender variant youth who seek puberty supression. Psychology & Sexuality, 2(1), 58-68.

Wiseman, M., & Davidson, S. (2011). Problems with binary gender discourse: Using context to promote flexibility and connection in gender identity. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 17(4), 528-537.


Trans and gender diverse literature analyses and discussion

Abate, M. A. (2008). Trans/forming girlhood: Transgenderism, the tomboy formula, and gender identity disorder in Sharon Dennis Wyeth’s Tomboy TroubleThe Lion and the Unicorn, 32(1), 40-60.

Battis, J. (2006). Transgendered magic: The radical performance of the young wizard in YA literatureThe Looking Glass: New Perspectives on Children’s Literature, 10(1).

Bittner, R. (2010). The trouble with normal: Trans youth and the desire for normalcy as reflected in young adult literature. The ALAN Review, 37(2).

Bittner, R. (2014). Hey, I still can’t see myself!: The difficult positioning of two-spirit identities in YA literature. Bookbird: A Journal of International Children’s Literature, 52, 11-22.

Bittner, R., Ingrey, J., & Stamper, C. (2016). Queer and trans-themed books for young readers: A critical review. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 948-964.

Bott, C. J., & McNeil, E. (2008). Parrotfish: A parrot, a fish, or something in between? An interview with Ellen Wittlinger and Toby Davis. The ALAN Review, 36(1).

Butler, C. (2009). Experimental girls: Feminist and transgender discourses in Bill’s New Frock and Marvin Redpost: Is he a girl? Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 34(1), 3-20.

Carlson, D. L., & Linville, D. (2016). The social importance of a kiss: A Honnethian reading of David Levithan’s young adult novel, Two Boys KissingDiscourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 887-901.

Clark, C. T., & Blackburn, M. V. (2016). Scenes of violence and sex in recent award-winning LGBT-themed young adult novels and the ideologies they offer their readers. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 867-886.

Epstein, B. J. (2012). We’re here, we’re (not?) queer: GLBTQ characters in children’s books. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 8(3), 287-300.

Lester, J. Z. (2014). Homonormativity in children’s literature: An intersectional analysis of queer-themed picture books. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(3), 244-275.

McNally, A. (2015). Teaching trans for children, youth, and adults who care for them: A review of children’s picture books and young adult memoirs. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 503-508.

Miller, M. C. (2014). Identifying effective trans* novels for adolescent readers. Bookbird: A Journal of International Children’s Literature, 52(1), 83-86.

Morgan, K., & Kelly-Ware, J. (2016). ‘You have to start with something’: Picture books to promote understandings of queer cultures, gender, and family diversity. Early Childhood Folio, 20(1), 3-8.

Norbury, K. (2014). Re-writing the script: Representations of transgender creativity in contemporary young adult fiction and televisionBarnboken – Journal of Children’s Literature Research, 37.

Norton, J. (1999). Transchildren and the discipline of children’s literature. The Lion and the Unicorn, 23(3), 415-436.

Putzi, J. (2017). “None of this ‘trapped-in-a-man’s-body’ bullshit”: Transgender girls and wrong-body discourse in young adult fiction. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, 36(2), 423-448.

Rockefeller, E. I. (2009). Selection, inclusion, evaluation and defense of transgender-inclusive fiction for young adults: A resource guide. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6(2-3), 288-309.

Sciurba, K. (2017). Flowers, dancing, dresses, and dolls: Picture book representations of gender-variant males. Children’s Literature in Education, 48(3), 276-293.

skelton, j. w. (2015). Not exceptional or punished: A review of five picture books that celebrate gender diversity. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 495-499.

skelton, j. w. (2015). Without she or he, in pictures. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 500-502.

Smulders, S. (2015). Dresses make the girl: Gender and identity from The Hundred Dresses to 10,000 DressesChildren’s Literature in Education, 46(4), 410-423.

Sokoll, T. (2013). Representations of trans* youth in young adult literature: A report and a suggestion. Young Adult Library Services, 11(4), 23-26.

Wickens, C. M. (2011). Codes, silences, and homophobia: Challenging normative assumptions about gender and sexuality in contemporary LGBTQ young adult literature. Children’s Literature in Education, 42(2), 148-164.


Trans and gender diverse literature and libraries

Chapman, E. L. (2013). No more controversial than a gardening display?: Provision of LGBT-related fiction to children and young people in U.K. public libraries. Library Trends, 61(3), 542-556.


Popular culture and media

Neary, A. (2018). New trans* visibilities: Working the limits and possibilities of gender at school. Sex Education18(4), 435-448.

Owen, G. (2016). Is the trans child a queer child? Constructing normativity in Raising Ryland and I Am Jazz: A Family in Transition. Queer Studies in Media & Popular Culture, 1(1), 95-109.



Jones, B. A., Arcelus, J., Bouman, W. P., & Haycraft, E. (2017). Barriers and facilitators of physical activity and sport participation among young transgender adults who are medically transitioning. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(2), 227-238.

Shrader, C. (2017). Uniform rules: Addressing the disparate rules that deny student-athletes the opportunity to participate in sports according to gender identity. University of Richmond Law Review, 51(2), 637-664.

Travers, A. (2016). Transgender and gender-nonconforming kids and the binary requirements of sport participation in North America. In M. A. Messner & M. Musto (Eds.), Child’s play: Sport in kids’ worlds (pp. 179-201). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.


Housing and homelessness

Reck, J. (2009). Homeless gay and transgender youth of color in San Francisco: ‘No one likes street kids’—even in the Castro. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6(2-3), 223-242.

Shelton, J., Wagaman, M. A., Small, L., & Abramovich, A. (2018). I’m more driven now: Resilience and resistance among transgender and gender expansive youth and young adults experiencing homelessness. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 144-157.


Legal aspects

Hughes, J. (2017). Becoming me: How transgender teens navigate the Family Court System. Alternative Law Journal, 42(4), 261-266.

Kelly, F. (2016). ‘The court process is slow but biology is fast’: Assessing the impact of the family court approval process on transgender children and their families. La Trobe Law School – Law & Justice Research Paper Series Paper No. 16-4.

Miller, sj, Mayo, C., & Lugg, C. A. (2018). Sex and gender in transition in US schools: Ways forward. Sex Education18(4), 345-359.

Minter, S. P. (2012). Supporting transgender children: New legal, social, and medical approaches. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 422-433.



Population estimates

Shields, J. P., Cohen, R., Glassman, J. R., Whitaker, K., Franks, H., & Bertolini, I. (2013). Estimating population size and demographic characteristics of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in middle school. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(2), 248-250.


Adult views of trans and gender diverse children and young people

Elischberger, H. B., Glazier, J. J., Hill, E. D., & Verduzco-Baker, L. (2016). ‘Boys don’t cry’—or do they? Adult attitudes toward and beliefs about transgender youth. Sex Roles, 75(5), 197-214.


Transgender adults reflecting on childhood

Hellen, M. (2009). Transgender children in schools. Liminalis: journal for sex/gender emancipation and resistance, 3, 81-99.

Kennedy, N., & Hellen, M. (2010). Transgender children: More than a theoretical challenge. Graduate Journal of Social Science, 7(2), 25-43.

Riley, E. A., Clemson, L., Sitharthan, G., & Diamond, M. (2013). Surviving a gender variant childhood: The views of transgender adults on the needs of gender variant children and their parents. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 39(3), 241-263.