Journal articles

Children/young people’s experiences

Austin, A. (2016). ‘There I am’: A grounded theory study of young adults navigating a transgender or gender nonconforming identity within a context of oppression and invisibility. Sex Roles, 75(5-6), 215-230.

Byron, P., & Hunt, J. (2017). ‘That happened to me too’: Young people’s informal knowledge of diverse genders and sexualities. Sex Educatiopn, 17(3), 319-332.

Catalpa, J. M., & McGuire, J. K. (2018). Family boundary ambiguity among transgender youth. Family Relations, 67(1), 88-103.

DiFulvio, G. T. (2015). Experiencing violence and enacting resilience: The case story of a transgender youth. Violence Against Women, 21(11), 1385-1405.

Galman, S. C. (2018). Enchanted selves: Transgender children’s persistent use of mermaid imagery in self-portraiture. Shima, 12(2), 163-180.

Grossman, A. H., & D’Augelli, A. R. (2006). Transgender youth: Invisible and vulnerable. Journal of Homosexuality, 51(1), 111-128.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., & Salter, N. P. (2006). Male-to-female transgender youth: Gender expression milestones, gender atypicality, victimization, and parents’ responses. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 2(1), 71-92.

Jones, T., & Hillier, L. (2013). Comparing trans-spectrum and same-sex-attracted youth in Australia: Increased risks, increased activisms. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(4), 287-307.

McGuire, J. K., & Conover-Williams, M. (2010). Creating spaces to support transgender youth. Prevention Researcher, 17(4), 17-20.

Pollock, L., & Eyre, S. L. (2012). Growth into manhood: Identity development among female-to-male transgender youth. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 14(2), 209-222.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Hébert, W., Lee, E. O. J., Faddoul, M., Tourki, D., & Bellot, C. (2018). Digging beneath the surface: Results from stage one of a qualitative analysis of factors influencing the well-being of trans youth in Quebec. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 184-202.

Singh, A. A. (2013). Transgender youth of color and resilience: Negotiating oppression and finding support. Sex Roles, 68(11-12), 690-702.

Children/young people’s school experiences

Allen, B. J., Andert, B., Botsford, J., Budge, S. L., & Rehm, J. L. (2020). At the margins: Comparing school experiences of nonbinary and binary‐identified transgender youth. Journal of School Health, 90(5), 358-367.

Bower-Brown, S., Zadeh, S., & Jadva, V. (Online First 2021). Binary-trans, non-binary and gender-questioning adolescents’ experiences in UK schools. Journal of LGBT Youth.

Clark, T. C., Lucassen, M. F. G., Bullen, P., Denny, S. J., Fleming, T. M., Robinson, E. M., & Rossen, F. V. (2014). The health and well-being of transgender high school students: Results from the New Zealand Adolescent Health Survey (Youth’12). Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(1), 93-99.

Day, J. K., Perez-Brumer, A., & Russell, S. T. (2018). Safe schools? Transgender youth’s school experiences and perceptions of school climate. Journal of Youth and Adolescence47(8), 1731-1742.

Gutierrez, N. (2004). Resisting fragmentation, living whole: Four female transgender students of color speak about school. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 16(3-4), 69-79.

Johnson, C. W., Singh, A. A., & Gonzalez, M. (2014). ‘It’s complicated’: Collective memories of transgender, queer, and questioning youth in high school. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(3), 419-434.

Jones, T., Smith, E., Ward, R., Dixon, J., Hillier, L., & Mitchell, A. (2016). School experiences of transgender and gender diverse students in Australia. Sex Education, 16(2), 156-171.

McBride, R.-S., & Schubotz, D. (2017). Living a fairy tale: The educational experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming youth in Northern Ireland. Child Care in Practice, 23(3), 292-304.

McGlashan, H., & Fitzpatrick, K. (2018). ‘I use any pronouns, and I’m questioning everything else’: Transgender youth and the issue of gender pronouns. Sex Education18(3), 239-252.

McGuire, J. K., Anderson, C. R., Toomey, R. B., & Russell, S. T. (2010). School climate for transgender youth: A mixed method investigation of student experiences and school responses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(10), 1175-1188.

Shelton, S. A., & Lester, A. O. S. (2018). Finding possibilities in the impossible: A celebratory narrative of trans youth experiences in the Southeastern USA. Sex Education, 18(4), 391-405.

Toomey, R. B., Ryan, C., Diaz, R. M., Card, N. A., & Russell, S. T. (2010). Gender-nonconforming lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth: school victimization and young adult psychosocial adjustment. Developmental Psychology46(6), 1580-1589.

Ullman, J. (2017). Teacher positivity towards gender diversity: Exploring relationships and school outcomes for transgender and gender-diverse students. Sex Education, 17(3), 276-289.

Wyss, S. E. (2004). ‘This was my hell’: The violence experienced by gender nonconforming youth in U.S. high schools. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 17(5), 709-730.

Supporting trans and gender diverse students in education settings

Bartholomaeus, C., & Riggs, D. W. (2017). Whole-of-school approaches to supporting transgender students, staff, and parents. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(4), 361-366.

Dykstra, L. A. (2005). Trans-friendly preschool. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education, 3(1), 7-13.

Hafford-Letchfield, T., Cocker, C., Ryan, P., & Melonowska, J. (2016). Rights through alliances: Findings from a European project tackling homophobic and transphobic bullying in schools through the engagement of families and young people. British Journal of Social Work, 46(8), 2338-2356.

Horton, C. (2020). Thriving or Surviving? Raising Our Ambition for Trans Children in Primary and Secondary Schools. Frontiers in Sociology.

Horton, C., & Carlile, A. (2022). “We just think of her as one of the girls”: Applying a trans inclusion staged model to the experiences of trans children and youth in UK primary and secondary schools. Teachers College Record, 124(8), 168-191.

Luecke, J. C. (2011). Working with transgender children and their classmates in pre-adolescence: Just be supportive. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(2), 116-156.

Luecke, J. C. (2018). The gender facilitative school: Advocating authenticity for gender expansive children in pre-adolescence. Improving Schools, 21(3), 269-284.

Mangin, M. (2018). Supporting transgender and gender-expansive children in school. Phi Delta Kappan, 100(2): 16-21.

Mangin, M. (2022). Teachers’ strategies for supporting transgender and/or gender-expansive elementary school students. Educational Researcher, 51(5), 324-335.

Martino, W., Kassen, J., & Omercajic, K. (2022). Supporting transgender students in schools: beyond an individualist approach to trans inclusion in the education system. Educational Review, 74(2), 753-772.

Payne, E., & Smith, M. (2012). Rethinking safe schools approaches for LGBTQ students: Changing the questions we ask. Multicultural Perspectives, 14(4), 187-193.

Sausa, L. A. (2005). Translating research into practice: Trans youth recommendations for improving school systems. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education, 3(1), 15-28.

Tempel, M. B. (2011). It’s OK to be neither: Teaching that supports gender-variant children. Rethinking Schools, 26(1), 51-54.

School environment for trans and gender diverse students

Dessel, A. B., Kulick, A., Wernick, L. J., & Sullivan, D. (2017). The importance of teacher support: Differential impacts by gender and sexuality. Journal of Adolescence, 56(April), 136-144.

García, A. M., & Slesaransky-Poe, G. (2010). The heteronormative classroom: Questioning and liberating practices. The Teacher Educator, 45(4), 244-256.

Greytak, E. A., Kosciw, J. G., & Boesen, M. J. (2013). Putting the ‘T’ in ‘resource’: The benefits of LGBT-related school resources for transgender youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 45-63.

Kwok, D. K. (2018). Community support programme: Support for Chinese trans* students experiencing genderism. Sex Education, 18(4), 406-419.

Lefevor, G. T., Sprague, B. M., Boyd-Rogers, C. C., & Smack, A. C. P. (2019). How well do various types of support buffer psychological distress among transgender and gender nonconforming students? International Journal of Transgenderism, 20(1), 39-48.

McCarthy, L. (2003). What about the ‘T’? Is multicultural education ready to address transgender issues? Multicultural Perspectives, 5(4), 46-48.

Meyer, E. J., Tilland-Stafford, A., & Airton, L. (2016). Transgender and gender-creative students in pk-12 schools: What we can learn from their teachers. Teachers College Record, 118(8).

Slesaransky-Poe, G. (2013). Adults set the tone for welcoming all students. Phi Delta Kappan, 94(5), 40-44.

Slesaransky-Poe, G., Ruzzi, L., Dimedio, C., & Stanley, J. (2013). Is this the right elementary school for my gender nonconforming child? Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 29-44.

Vantieghem, W., & Van Houtte, M. (2020). The impact of gender variance on adolescents’ wellbeing: Does the school context matter? Journal of Homosexuality, 67(1), 1-34.

Wernick, L. J., Kulick, A., & Inglehart, M. H. (2014). Influences of peers, teachers, and climate on students’ willingness to intervene when witnessing anti-transgender harassment. Journal of Adolescence, 37(6), 927-935.

Wilson, I., Griffin, C., & Wren, B. (2005). The interaction between young people with atypical gender identity organization and their peers. Journal of Health Psychology10(3), 307-315.

Woolley, S. W. (2015). ‘Boys over here, girls over there’: A critical literacy of binary gender in schools. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly2(3), 376-394.

Education and school policies

Airton, L. (2018). The de/politicization of pronouns: Implications of the No Big Deal Campaign for gender-expansive educational policy and practice. Gender and Education30(6), 790-810.

Bartholomaeus, C., & Riggs, D. W. (2022). Trans students, mandatory policy, and the South Australian context: What can a policy do? Teachers College Record, 24(8), 301-309.

Cumming-Potvin, W., & Martino, W. (2018). The policyscape of transgender equality and gender diversity in the Western Australian education system: A case study. Gender and Education30(6), 715-735.

Goodrich, K., & Barnard, J. (2019). Transgender and gender non-conforming students in schools: One school district’s approach for creating safety and respect. Sex Education, 19(2), 212-225.

Herriot, L., Burns, D. P., & Yeung, B. (2018). Contested spaces: Trans-inclusive school policies and parental sovereignty in Canada. Gender and Education30(6), 695-714.

Hickey, C., & Cotter, L. (2016). Lesson of the Safe Schools program debate: If only politicians listened to schools. Independent Education, 46(2), 18-19.

Jones, T. (2018). Trump, trans students and transnational progress. Sex Education18(4), 479-494.

Loutzenheise, L. W. (2015). ‘Who are you calling a problem?’: Addressing transphobia and homophobia through school policy. Critical Studies in Education, 56(1), 99-115.

Martino, W. (2022). Supporting transgender students and gender-expansive education in schools: Investigating policy, pedagogy, and curricular implications. Teachers College Record, 124(8), 3-16.

Martino, W., Airton, L., Kuhl, D., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2019). Mapping transgender policyscapes: a policy analysis of transgender inclusivity in the education system in Ontario. Journal of Education Policy, 34(3), 302-330.

Meyer, E. J., & Keenan, H. (2018). Can policies help schools affirm gender diversity? A policy archaeology of transgender-inclusive policies in California schools. Gender and Education30(6), 736-753.

Omercajic, K., & Martino, W. (2020). Supporting transgender inclusion and gender diversity in schools: A  critical policy analysis. Frontiers in Sociology, 5, 27.

Sinclair-Palm, J., & Gilbert, J. (2018). Naming new realities: Supporting trans youth in education. Sex Education, 18(4), 321-327.

Stiegler, S. (2016). Privacy for all students? Talking about and around trans students in ‘public’. Curriculum Inquiry, 46(4), 348-368.

Watkins, P. J., & Moreno, E. (2017). Bathrooms without borders: Transgender students argue separate is not equal. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 90(5-6), 166-171.

Alliance groups

Poteat, V. P., Calzo, J. P., Yoshikawa, H., Miller, sj, Ceccolini, C. J., Rosenbach, S., & Mauceri, N. (2018). Discussing transgender topics within gay-straight alliances: Factors that could promote more frequent conversations. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 119-131.

Schindel, J. E. (2008). Gender 101—Beyond the Binary: Gay-Straight Alliances and Gender Activism. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 5(2), 56-70.

Young people’s understandings of gender diversity

Bragg, S., Renold, E., Ringrose, J., & Jackson, C. (2018). ‘More than boy, girl, male, female’: Exploring young people’s views on gender diversity within and beyond school contexts. Sex Education, 18(4), 420-434.

Burford, J., Lucassen, M. F. G., & Hamilton, T. (2017). Evaluating a gender diversity workshop to promote positive learning environments. Journal of LGBT Youth, 14(2), 211-227.

Teaching and curriculum about trans and gender diverse experiences and literature

Blackburn, M., Clark, C., & Martino, W. (2016). Investigating LGBT-themed literature and trans informed pedagogies in classrooms. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 801-806.

Cumming-Potvin, W., & Martino, W. (2018). Countering heteronormativity and cisnormativity in Australian schools: Examining English teachers’ reflections on gender and sexual diversity in the classroom. Teaching and Teacher Education, 7435-48.

DePalma, R. (2013). Choosing to lose our gender expertise: Queering sex/gender in school settings. Sex Education, 13(1), 1-15.

DePalma, R. (2016). Gay penguins, sissy ducklings … and beyond? Exploring gender and sexuality diversity through children’s literature. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 828-845.

De Pedro, K. T., Jackson, C., Campbell, E., Gilley, J., & Ciarelli, B. (2016). Creating trans-inclusive schools: Introductory activities that enhance the critical consciousness of future educators. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 28(2), 293-301.

Dittman, R., & Meecham, P. (2006). Transgender and art in the school curriculum. Sex Education, 6(4), 403-414.

Hermann-Wilmarth, J. M., Lannen, R., & Ryan, C. L. (2017). Critical literacy and transgender topics in an upper elementary classroom: A portrait of possibility. Journal of Language and Literacy Education, 13(1), 15-27.

Jennings, T., & Macgillivray, I. K. (2011). A content analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender topics in multicultural education textbooks. Teaching Education, 22(1), 39-62.

Macgillivray, I. K., & Jennings, T. (2008). A content analysis exploring lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender topics in foundations of education textbooks. Journal of Teacher Education, 59(2), 170-188.

Martino, W. J., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2015). Teaching about ‘‘princess boys’’ or not: The case of one male elementary school teacher and the polemics of gender expression and embodiment. Men and Masculinities, 18(1), 79-99.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2016). Teaching about sexual minorities and ‘princess boys’: A queer and trans-infused approach to investigating LGBTQ-themed texts in the elementary school classroom. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 807-827.

Parsons, L. T. (2011/2012). Advocating for LGBTQ teens through literature: Preservice teachers respond to LunaSIGNAL, 35(1), 7–13.

Parsons, L. T. (2016). Learning from preservice teachers’ responses to trans-themed young adult literature: Improving personal practice in teacher education. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 933-947.

Rands, K. (2013). Supporting transgender and gender-nonconforming youth through teaching mathematics for social justice. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 106-126.

Romesburg, D. (2015). There’s no T in fair?: Implementing a trans-inclusive k–12 history law. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 488-494.

Ryan, C. L., Patraw, J. M., & Bednar, M. (2013). Discussing princess boys and pregnant men: Teaching about gender diversity and transgender experiences within an elementary school curriculum. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 83-105.

Steffel, S., & Renzi-Keener, L. (2009). Breaking down the last taboo: LGBT young adult literature in the preservice classroom. Language Arts Journal of Michigan, 24(2), 29-36.

Educator and staff views of trans and gender diverse students

Bartholomaeus, C., Riggs, D. W., & Andrew, Y. (2017). The capacity of South Australian primary school teachers and pre-service teachers to work with trans and gender diverse students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 65, 127-135.

Blair, E. E., & Deckman, S. L. (2019). “We cannot imagine”: US preservice teachers’ Othering of trans and gender creative student experiences. Teaching and Teacher Education, 86, 102915.

Cutler, B., Adams, M., & Jenkins, L. (2022). Working towards LGBTIQ-inclusive education: Perceptions of pre-service teachers’ comfort and emotional experience. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 50(3), 295-310.

Frohard-Dourlent, H. (2016). ‘I don’t care what’s under your clothes’: The discursive positioning of educators working with trans and gender-nonconforming students. Sex Education, 16(1), 63-76.

Frohard-Dourlent, H. (2018). ‘The student drives the car, right?’: Trans students and narratives of decision-making in schools. Sex Education, 18(4), 328-344.

Grant, R., Beasy, K., Emery, S., & Coleman, B. (2021). Beyond ‘safety’: teachers and school staff approaches to LGBTI-inclusion in Tasmanian schools. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 25(3), 394-310.

Kearns, L.-L., Mitton-Kükner, J., & Tompkins, J. (2017). Transphobia and cisgender privilege: Pre-service teachers recognizing and challenging gender rigidity in schools. Canadian Journal of Education / Revue canadienne de l’éducation, 40(1).

Kitchen, J., & Bellini, C. (2012). Making it better for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students through teacher education: A collaborative self-study. Studying Teacher Education: A journal of self-study of teacher education practices, 8(3), 209-225.

Malins, P. (2016). How inclusive is ‘inclusive education’ in the Ontario elementary classroom?: Teachers talk about addressing diverse gender and sexual identities. Teaching and Teacher Education, 54, 128-138.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2019). ‘Effeminate arty boys and butch soccer girls’: Investigating queer and trans-affirmative pedagogies under conditions of neoliberal governance. Research Papers in Education, 34(2), 131-152.

Martino, W. J., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2015). Teaching about ‘princess boys’ or not: The case of one male elementary school teacher and the polemics of gender expression and embodiment. Men and Masculinities, 18(1), 79-99.

Marx, R. A., Roberts, L. M., & Nixon, C. T. (2017). When care and concern are not enough: School personnel’s development as allies for trans and gender non-conforming students. Social Sciences, 6(1).

Meyer, E. J., & Leonardi, B. (2018). Teachers’ professional learning to affirm transgender, non-binary, and gender-creative youth: Experiences and recommendations from the field. Sex Education18(4), 449-463.

Moore, A. (2019). “The term ‘all genders’ would be more appropriate”: Reflections on teaching trauma literature to a gender-fluid youth. Language and Literacy, 21(1), 57-74.

Payne, E., & Smith, M. (2014). The big freak out: Educator fear in response to the presence of transgender elementary school students. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(3), 399-418.

Smith, M. J., & Payne, E. (2016). Binaries and biology: Conversations with elementary education professionals after professional development on supporting transgender students. The Educational Forum, 80(1), 34-47.

Ullman, J. (2018). Breaking out of the (anti)bullying ‘box’: NYC educators discuss trans/gender diversity-inclusive policies and curriculum. Sex Education18(5), 495-510.

Wright-Maley, C., Davis, T., Gonzalez, E. M., & Colwell, R. (2016). Considering perspectives on transgender inclusion in Canadian Catholic elementary schools: Perspectives, challenges, and opportunities. The Journal of Social Studies Research, 40(3), 187-204.

School administrators

Croteau, S. M., & Lewis, K. (2016). ‘Just like the other boys’: Meeting the needs of gender diverse students. Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 19(4), 102-113.

Kurt, L. J., & Chenault, K. H. (2017). School policy and transgender identity expression: A study of school administrators’ experiences. International Journal of Educational Policy & Leadership, 12(3).

Leonardi, B., & Staley, S. (2018). What’s involved in ‘the work’? Understanding administrators’ roles in bringing trans-affirming policies into practice. Gender and Education30(6), 754-773.

Mangin, M. M. (2020). Transgender students in elementary schools: How supportive principals lead. Education Administration Quarterly, 56(2), 255-288.

School nurses

Cicero, E. C., & Wesp, L. M. (2017). Supporting the health and well-being of transgender students. The Journal of School Nursing, 33(2), 95-108.

Menkin, D., & Flores, D. D. (2019). Transgender students: Advocacy, care, and support opportunities for school nurses. NASN School Nurse, 34(3), 173-177.

Sexuality education

Bittner, R. (2012). Queering sex education: Young adult literature with LGBT content as complementary sources of sex and sexuality education. Journal of LGBT Youth, 9(4), 357-372.

Bradford, N. J., DeWitt, J., Decker, J., Berg, D. R., Spencer, K. G., & Ross, M. W. (2019). Sex education and transgender youth: ‘Trust means material by and for queer and trans people’. Sex Education, 19(1), 84-98.

Garland-Levett, S. (2017). Exploring discursive barriers to sexual health and social justice in the New Zealand sexuality education curriculum. Sex Education, 17(2), 121-134.

Green, E. R. (2010). Shifting paradigms: Moving beyond ‘trans 101’ in sexuality education. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 5(1), 1-16.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2018). Transgender young people’s narratives of intimacy and sexual health: Implications for sexuality education. Sex Education18(4), 376-390.

Sexuality and sexual health

Agénor, M., Cottrill, A. A., Kay, E., Janiak, E. F., Gordon, A. R., & Potter, J. (2020). Contraceptive beliefs, decision making and care experiences among transmasculine young adults: A qualitative analysis. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 52(1), 7-14.

Bungener, S. L., Steensma, T. D., Cohen-Kettenis, P. T., & de Vries, A. L. C. (2017). Sexual and romantic experiences of transgender youth before gender-affirmative treatment. Pediatrics, 139(3), e20162283.

Mehringer, J., & Dowshen, N. L. (2019). Sexual and reproductive health considerations among transgender and gender-expansive youth. Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, 49(9), 100684.

Müller, A., Spencer, S., Meer, T., & Daskilewicz, K. (2018). The no-go zone: a qualitative study of access to sexual and reproductive health services for sexual and gender minority adolescents in Southern Africa. Reproductive Health, 15.

Newcomb, M. E., Feinstein, B. A., Matson, M., Macapagal, K., & Mustanski, B. (2018). “I have no idea what’s going on out there:” Parents’ perspectives on promoting sexual health in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adolescents. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 15(2), 111-122.

Veale, J., Watson, R. J., Adjei, J., & Saewyc, E. (2016). Prevalence of pregnancy involvement among Canadian transgender youth and its relation to mental health, sexual health, and gender identity. International Journal of Transgenderism, 17(3-4), 107-113.

Music education

Palkki, J. (2020). “My voice speaks for itself”: The experiences of three transgender students in American secondary school choral programs. International Journal of Music Education, 38(1), 126-146.

Silveira, J. M., & Goff, S. C. (2016). Music teachers’ attitudes toward transgender students and supportive school practices. Journal of Research in Music Education, 64(2), 138-158.

School counsellors/psychologists and trans and gender diverse students

Agee-Aguayo, J., Bloomquist, E., Savage, T. A., & Woitaszewski, S. A. (2017). School psychologists in support of transgender and gender diverse students in light of California’s AB 1266 (School Success and Opportunity Act): Implications and opportunities. Contemporary School Psychology, 21(2), 152-165.

Bowers, S., Lewandowski, J., Savage, T. A., & Woitaszewski, S. A. (2015). School psychologists’ attitudes toward transgender students. Journal of LGBT Youth, 12(1), 1-18.

Case, K. A., & Meier, S. C. (2014). Developing allies to transgender and gender-nonconforming youth: Training for counselors and educators. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(1), 62-82.

Chen-Hayes, S. F. (2001). Counseling and advocacy with transgendered and gender-variant persons in schools and families. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 40(1), 34-48.

Coolhart, D., & MacKnight, V. (2015). Working with transgender youths and their families: Counselors and therapists as advocates for trans-affirmative school environments. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy, 2(1), 51-64.

de Jong, D. (2014). ‘I think it would be a very sensitive topic …’ school social work, gender variance, and the silencing of differences. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 24(7), 869-879.

de Jong, D. (2015) ‘He wears pink leggings almost every day, and a pink sweatshirt….’ How school social workers understand and respond to gender variance. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal32(3), 247-255.

Gonzalez, M., & McNulty, J. (2010). Achieving competency with transgender youth: School counselors as collaborative advocates. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 4(4-3), 176-186.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2015). The role of school counsellors and psychologists in supporting transgender people. The Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 32(2), 158-170.

Scharrón-del Río, M. R., Dragowski, E. A., & Phillips, J. J. (2014). Therapeutic work with gender-variant children: What school psychologists need to know. School Psychology Forum, 8(1), 38-55.

Simons, J. D., Beck, M. J., Asplund, N. R., Chan, C. D., & Byrd, R. (2018). Advocacy for gender minority students: Recommendations for school counsellors. Sex Education, 18(4), 464-478.

Singh, A. A., & Burnes, T. R. (2009). Creating developmentally appropriate, safe counseling environments for transgender youth: The critical role of school counselors. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 3(3-4), 215-234.

Educational psychology

Yavuz, C. (2016). Gender variance and educational psychology: Implications for practice. Educational Psychology in Practice, 32(4), 395-409.

School and public facilities

Davies, A. W. J., Vipond, E., & King, A. (2017). Gender binary washrooms as a means of gender policing in schools: a Canadian perspective. Gender and Education, 31(7), 866-885.

Eckes, S. E. (2017). The restroom and locker room wars: Where to pee or not to pee. Journal of LGBT Youth, 14(3), 247-265.

Ingrey, J. (2018). Problematizing the cisgendering of school washroom space: Interrogating the politics of recognition of transgender and gender non-conforming youth. Gender and Education30(6), 774-789.

Porta, C. M., Gower, A. L., Mehus, C. J., Xiaohui Yu, Saewyc, E. M., & Eisenberg, M. E. (2017). ‘Kicked out’: LGBTQ youths’ bathroom experiences and preferences. Journal of Adolescence, 56(April), 107-112.

Slater, J., Jones, C., & Procter, L. (2018). School toilets: Queer, disabled bodies and gendered lessons of embodiment. Gender and Education30(8), 951-965.

Weinhardt, L. S., Stevens, P., Xie, H., Wesp, L. M., John, S. A., Apchemengich, I., Kioko, D., Chavez-Korell, S., Cochran, K. M., Watjen, J. M., & Lambrou, N. H. (2017). Transgender and gender nonconforming youths’ public facilities use and psychological well-being: A mixed-method study. Transgender Health, 2(1), 140-150.

Wernick, L. J., Kulick, A., & Chin, M. (2017). Gender identity disparities in bathroom safety and wellbeing among high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(5), 917-930.

Catholic schools

Bartone, M. D. (2018). One assigned-female-at-birth male student’s journey through school to understanding his identity. Journal of Curriculum and Pedagogy, 15(3), 284-296.

Herriot, L., & Callaghan, T. D. (2018). Disrupting the trans-versus-Catholic dichotomy: An example from a Canadian elementary school policy. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 170-183.

Religious leadership

Canales, A. D. (2019). Ministry to transgender teenagers (part one): Pursuing awareness and understanding about trans youth. Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling, 72(3), 195-201.

Canales, A. D. (2018). Ministry to transgender teenagers (part two): Providing pastoral care, support, and advocacy to trans youth. Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling, 72(4), 251-256.

Parents of trans and gender diverse children/young people

Aramburu Alegría, C. (2018). Supporting families of transgender children/youth: Parents speak on their experiences, identity, and views. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 132-143.

Barron, C., & Capous-Desyllas, M. (2017). Transgressing the gendered norms in childhood: Understanding transgender children and their families. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 13(5), 407-438.

Birnkrant, J. M., & Przeworski, A. (2017). Communication, advocacy, and acceptance among support-seeking parents of transgender youth. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 21(2), 132-153.

Capous-Desyllas, M., & Barron, C. (2017). Identifying and navigating social and institutional challenges of transgender children and families. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 34(6), 527-542.

Chen, D., Hidalgo, M. A., & Garofalo, R. (2017). Parental perceptions of emotional and behavioral difficulties among prepubertal gender-nonconforming children. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 5(4), 342-352.

Field, T. L., & Mattson, G. (2016). Parenting transgender children in PFLAG. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 12(5), 413-429.

Gonzalez, K. A., Rostosky, S. S., Odom, R. D., & Riggle, E. D. B. (2013). The positive aspects of being the parent of an LGBTQ child. Family Process, 52(2), 325-337.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., Howell, T. J., & Hubbard, S. (2006). Parents’ reactions to transgender youths’ gender nonconforming expression and identityJournal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services18(1), 3-16.

Hidalgo, M. A., & Chen, D. (2019). Experiences of gender minority stress in cisgender parents of transgender/gender-expansive prepubertal children: A qualitative study. Journal of Family Issues, 40(7), 865-886.

Hill, D. B., & Menvielle, E. (2009). ‘You have to give them a place where they feel protected and safe and loved’: The views of parents who have gender-variant children and adolescents. Journal of LGBT Youth6(2-3), 243-271.

Iudici, A., & Orczyk, G. (2021). Understanding and managing gender identity variance in minors: A qualitative research on the parental role in Italy. Sexuality & Culture, 25(5), 1567-1587.

Johnson, D., Sikorski, J., Savage, T. A., & Woitaszewski, S. A. (2014). Parents of youth who identify as transgender: An exploratory study. School Psychology Forum, 8(1), 56-74.

Johnson, K. C., LeBlanc, A. J., Sterzing, P. R., Deardorff, J., Antin, T., & Bockting, W. O. (2020). Trans adolescents’ perceptions and experiences of their parents’ supportive and rejecting behaviors. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 67(2), 156-170.

Johnson, S. L., & Benson, K. E. (2014). ‘It’s always the mother’s fault’: Secondary stigma of mothering a transgender child. Journal of GLBT Family Studies10(1-2), 124-144.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Allen, S. H., Munroe, C., Goldberg, A. E., & Weiner, J. L. (2018). The experiences of sexual minority mothers with trans* children. Family Relations67(1), 70-87.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Mahan, D. J., McGuire, J. K., & Hoffman, T. K. (2018). Perspectives of mothers of transgender and gender-nonconforming children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Homosexuality65(9), 1167-1189.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Weiner, J. L., & Mahan, D. (2014). Child, family, and community transformations: Findings from interviews with mothers of transgender girls. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 10(4), 354-379.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Weiner, J. L., Munroe, C., Goldberg, A. E., & Gardner, M. (2017). Trans and gender-nonconforming children and their caregivers: Gender presentations, peer relations, and well-being at baseline. Journal of Family Psychology, 31(7), 889-899.

Lesser, J. G. (1999). When your son becomes your daughter: A mother’s adjustment to a transgender child. Families in Society, 80(2), 182-189.

Lorusso, M., & Albanesi, C. (2021). When the context rows against. Voicing parents of transgender children and teenagers in Italy: A qualitative study. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 31(6), 732-748.

Manning, K. E. (2017). Attached advocacy and the rights of the trans child. Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique, 50(2), 579-595.

Manning, K. E., Holmes, C., Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Newhook, J. T., & Travers, A. (2015). Fighting for trans* kids: Academic parent activism in the 21st century. Studies in Social Justice, 9(1), 118-135.

Meadow, T. (2011). ‘Deep down where the music plays’: How parents account for childhood gender variance. Sexualities, 14(6), 725-747.

Nadan, Y. (2022). Parenting as a full time job: The experience of secular middle-class Jewish parents of transgender emerging adults in Israel. International Journal of Transgender Health, 23(3), 321-333.

Pearlman, S. F. (2006). Terms of connection: Mother-talk about female-to-male transgender children. Journal of GLBT Family Studies2(3-4), 93-122.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Robichaud, M. J., & Dumais-Michaud, A. A. (2015). The experience of parents who support their children’s gender variance. Journal of LGBT Youth, 12(1), 39-63.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., & Ward, D. (2017). Working with a diversity of languages: Francophone and Anglophone coparticipants in groups of parents of transgender children. Social Work with Groups, 40(1-2), 101-106.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Ward, D., Robichaud, M.-J., Dumais-Michaud, A.-A., & Clegg, A. (2014). Working with parents of gender-variant children: Using social action as an emancipatory research framework. Journal of Progressive Human Services, 25(3), 214-229.

Pyne, J. (2016). ‘Parenting is not a job…It’s a relationship’: Recognition and relational knowledge among parents of gender non-conforming children. Journal of Progressive Human Services, 27(1), 21-48.

Rahilly, E. P. (2015). The gender binary meets the gender-variant child: Parents’ negotiations with childhood gender variance. Gender & Society, 29(3), 338-361.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2018). Cisgenderism and certitude: Parents of transgender children negotiating educational contexts. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly5(1), 67-82.

Riggs, D. W., & Due, C. (2015). Support experiences and attitudes of Australian parents of gender variant children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(7), 1999-2007.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2011). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents: A parent survey. International Journal of Sexual Health, 23(3), 181-195.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2013). Recognising the needs of gender-variant children and their parents. Sex Education, 13(6), 644-659.

Ryan, K. N. (2016). ‘My mom says some girls have penises’: How mothers of gender-diverse youth are pushing gender ideology forward (and how they’re not). Social Sciences, 5(4).

Schlehofer, M. M., Cortez-Regan, L., & Bush, D. (2021). Experiences of parent-advocates of trans and gender non-conforming youth. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 17(5), 450-469.

Slesaransky-Poe, G., & García, A. M. (2009). Boys with gender variant behaviors and interests: From theory to practice. Sex Education, 9(2), 201-210.

Wahlig, J. L. (2015). Losing the child they thought they had: Therapeutic suggestions for an ambiguous loss perspective with parents of a transgender child. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 11(4), 305-326.

Experiences of children/young people and their families

Evans, Y. N., Gridley, S. J., Crouch, J., Wang, A., Moreno, M. A., Ahrens, K., & Breland, D. J. (2017). Understanding online resource use by transgender youth and caregivers: A qualitative study. Transgender Health, 2(1), 129-139.

Katz-Wise, S. L., Budge, S. L., Fugate, E., Flanagan, K., Touloumtzis, C., Rood, B., Perez-Brumer, A., & Leibowitz, S. (2017). Transactional pathways of transgender identity development in transgender and gender-nonconforming youth and caregiver perspectives from the Trans Youth Family Study. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(3), 243-263.

Katz-Wise, S. L., Budge, S. L., Orovecz, J. J., Nguyen, B., Nava-Coulter, B., & Thomson, K. (2017). Imagining the future: Perspectives among youth and caregivers in the Trans Youth Family Study. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 26-40.

Katz-Wise, S. L., Ehrensaft, D., Vetters, R., Forcier, M., & Austin, S. B. (2018). Family functioning and mental health of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth in the trans teen and family narratives project. The Journal of Sex Research, 55(4-5), 582-590.

Katz-Wise, S., Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Bogart, L. M., Rosal, M. C., Ehrensaft, D., Goldman, R. E., & Austin, S. B. (2019). Lessons from a community-based participatory research study with transgender and gender nonconforming youth and their families. Action Research, 17(2), 186-207.

Westwater, J. J., Riley, E., & Peterson, G. M. (2020). Using circular questions to explore individual family member experiences of youth gender dysphoria in Australia. International Journal of Transgender Health, 21(3), 321-336.

Counselling for parents

Di Ceglie, D., & Thümmel, E. C. (2006). An experience of group work with parents of children and adolescents with gender identity disorder. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 11(3), 387-396.

Menvielle, E. J., & Tuerk, C. (2002). A support group for parents of gender-nonconforming boys. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(8), 1010-1013.

Menvielle, E., & Hill, D. B. (2010). An affirmative intervention for families with gender-variant children: A process evaluation. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 15(1), 94-123.

Mental health and clinical perspectives

Amodeo, A. L., Picariello, S., Valerio, P., & Scandurra, C. (2018). Empowering transgender youths: Promoting resilience through a group training program. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 22(1), 3-19.

Burgess, C. (1999). Internal and external stress factors associated with the identity development of transgendered youth. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 10(3-4), 35-47.

Collier, K. L., van Beusekom, G., Bos, H. M. W., & Sandfort, T. G. M. (2013). Sexual orientation and gender identity/expression related peer victimization in adolescence: A systematic review of associated psychosocial and health outcomes. The Journal of Sex Research, 50(3-4), 299-317.

Connolly, M. D., Zervos, M. J., Barone II, C. J., Johnson, C. C., & Joseph, C. L. M. (2016). The mental health of transgender youth: Advances in understanding. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(5), 489-495.

Coolhart, D., Baker, A., Farmer, S., Malaney, M., & Shipman, D. (2013). Therapy with transsexual youth and their families: A clinical tool for assessing youth’s readiness for gender transition. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 39(2), 223-243.

Coolhart, D., & Shipman, D. L. (2017). Working toward family attunement: Family therapy with transgender and gender-nonconforming children and adolescents. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 40(1), 113-125.

Durbeej, N., Abrahamsson, N., Papadopoulos, F. C., Beijer, K., Salari, R., & Sarkadi, A. (2021). Outside the norm: Mental health, school adjustment and community engagement in non-binary youth. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 49(5), 529-538.

Durwood, L., McLaughlin, K. A., & Olson, K. R. (2017). Mental health and self-worth in socially transitioned transgender youth. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(2), 116-123.

Edwards-Leeper, L., Leibowitz, S., & Sangganjanavanich, V. F. (2016). Affirmative practice with transgender and gender nonconforming youth: Expanding the model. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 3(2), 165-172.

Ehrensaft, D. (2011). Boys will be girls, girls will be boys: Children affect parents as parents affect children in gender nonconformity. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 28(4), 528-548.

Ehrensaft, D. (2012). From gender identity disorder to gender identity creativity: True gender self child therapy. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 337-356.

Ehrensaft, D. (2013). ‘Look, mom, I’m a boy—don’t tell anyone I was a girl’. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 9-28.

Ehrensaft, D. (2014). Found in transition: Our littlest transgender people. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 50(4), 571-592.

Eisenberg, M. E., Gower, A. L., McMorris, B. J., Rider, G. N., Shea, G., & Coleman, E. (2017). Risk and protective factors in the lives of transgender/gender nonconforming adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(4), 521-526.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., & Frank, J. A. (2011). Aspects of psychological resilience among transgender youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(2), 103-115.

Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., Salter, N. P., & Hubbard, S. M. (2006). Comparing gender expression, gender nonconformity, and parents’ responses of female-to-male and male-to-female transgender youth: Implications for counseling. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 1(1), 41-59.

Hidalgo, M. A., Ehrensaft, D., Tishelman, A. C., Clark, L. F., Garofalo, R., Rosenthal, S. M., Spack, N. P., & Olson, J. (2013). The gender affirmative model: What we know and what we aim to learn. Human Development, 56, 285-290.

Hill, W. J., & Shapiro, M. A. (2017). Transgender youth in the inpatient psychiatric setting: A literature review and case report. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 23(4), 290-293.

Ignatavicius, S. (2013). Stress in female-identified transgender youth: A review of the literature on effects and interventions. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(4), 267-286.

Leibowitz, S. F., & Telingator, C. (2012). Assessing gender identity concerns in children and adolescents: Evaluation, treatments and outcomes. Current Psychiatry Reports, 14(2), 111-120.

McConnell, E. A., Birkett, M., & Mustanski, B. (2016). Families matter: Social support and mental health trajectories among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(6), 674-680.

Olson, K. R. (2016). Prepubescent transgender children: What we do and do not know. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(3), 155-156.e153.

Olson, K. R., Durwood, L., DeMeules, M., & McLaughlin, K. A. (2016). Mental health of transgender children who are supported in their identities. Pediatrics, 137(3), e20153223.

Olson-Kennedy, J. (2016). Mental health disparities among transgender youth: Rethinking the role of professionals. JAMA Pediatrics, 170(5), 423-424.

Reisner, S. L., Biello, K. B., White Hughto, J. M., Kuhns, L., Mayer, K. H., Garofalo, R., & Mimiaga, M. J. (2016). Psychiatric diagnoses and comorbidities in a diverse, multicity cohort of young transgender women: Baseline findings from Project Lifeskills. JAMA Pediatrics, 170(5), 481-486.

Reisner, S. L., Vetters, R., Leclerc, M., Zaslow, S., Wolfrum, S., Shumer, D., & Mimiaga, M. J. (2015). Mental health of transgender youth in care at an adolescent urban community health center: A matched retrospective cohort study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(3), 274-279.

Roen, K. (2019). Rethinking queer failure: Trans youth embodiments of distress. Sexualities, 22(1-2), 48-64.

Rosenberg, M. (2002). Children with gender identity issues and their parents in individual and group treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(5), 619-621.

Singh, A. A., Meng, S. E., & Hansen, A. W. (2014). ‘I am my own gender’: Resilience strategies of trans youth. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92(2), 208-218.

Strauss, P., Lin, A., Winter, S., Waters, Z., Watson, V., Wright Toussaint, D., & Cook, A. (2021). Options and realities for trans and gender diverse young people receiving care in Australia’s mental health system: Findings from Trans Pathways. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 55(4), 391-399.

Wallace, R., & Russell, H. (2013). Attachment and shame in gender-nonconforming children and their families: Toward a theoretical framework for evaluating clinical interventions. International Journal of Transgenderism, 14(3), 113-126.

Zeeman, L., Aranda, K., Sherriff, N., & Cocking, C. (2017). Promoting resilience and emotional well-being of transgender young people: Research at the intersections of gender and sexuality. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(3), 382-397.

Suicidality and self-harm

Arcelus, J., Claes, L., Witcomb, G. L., Marshall, E., & Bouman, W. P. (2016). Risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury among trans youth. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 12(3), 402-412.

Grossman, A. H., & D’Augelli, A. R. (2007). Transgender youth and life-threatening behaviors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 37(5), 527-537.

MacMullin, L. N., Aitken, M., Nabbijohn, A. N., & VanderLaan, D. P. (2020). Self-harm and suicidality in gender-nonconforming children: A Canadian community-based parent-report study. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 7(1), 76-90.

Mustanski, B. S., Garofalo, R., & Emerson, E. M. (2010). Mental health disorders, psychological distress, and suicidality in a diverse sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12), 2426-2432.

Perez-Brumer, A., Day, J. K., Russell, S. T., & Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among transgender youth in California: Findings from a representative, population-based sample of high school students. Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(9), 739-746.

Peterson, C. M., Matthews, A., Copps-Smith, E., & Conard, L. A. (2017). Suicidality, self-harm, and body dissatisfaction in transgender adolescents and emerging adults with gender dysphoria. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 47(4), 475-482.

Turban, J. L., King, D., Carswell, J. M., & Keuroghlian, A. S. (2020). Pubertal suppression for transgender youth and risk of suicidal ideation. Pediatrics, 145(2), e20191725.

Yadegarfard, M., Ho, R., & Bahramabadian, F. (2013). Influences on loneliness, depression, sexual-risk behaviour and suicidal ideation among Thai transgender youth. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 15(6), 726-737.

Yadegarfard, M., Meinhold-Bergmann, M. E., & Ho, R. (2014). Family rejection, social isolation, and loneliness as predictors of negative health outcomes (depression, suicidal ideation, and sexual risk behavior) among Thai male-to-female transgender adolescents. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(4), 347-363.

Healthcare and health professionals

Aparicio-García, M. E., Díaz-Ramiro, E. M., Rubio-Valdehita, S., López-Núñez, M. I., & García-Nieto, I. (2018). Health and well-being of cisgender, transgender and non-binary young people. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(10), 2133.

Bartholomaeus, C., Riggs, D. W., & Pullen Sansfaçon, A. (2021). Expanding and improving trans affirming care in Australia: Experiences with healthcare professionals among transgender young people and their parents. Health Sociology Review, 30(1), 58-71.

Clark, B. A., Veale, J. F., Townsend, M., Frohard-Dourlent, H., & Saewyc, E. (2018). Non-binary youth: Access to gender-affirming primary health care. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 158-169.

Coleman, E., et al. (2022). Standards of Care for the Health of Transgender and Gender Diverse People, Version 8. International Journal of Transgender Health, 23, S1-S259.

Dowshen, N. L., Christensen, J., & Gruschow, S. M. (2019). Health insurance coverage of recommended gender-affirming health care services for transgender youth: Shopping online for coverage information. Transgender Health, 4(1), 131-135.

Elinson, M. (2017). TRANSforming families: The effects of familial social support and belongingness on the health identity development of trans youth. Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal, 4(1), Article 3.

Frohard-Dourlent, H., Dobson, S., Clark, B. A., Doull, M., & Saewyc, E. M. (2017). ‘I would have preferred more options’: Accounting for non-binary youth in health research. Nursing Inquiry, 24(1), e12150.

Gridley, S. J., Crouch, J. M., Evans, Y., Eng, W., Antoon, E., Lyapustina, M., Schimmel-Bristow, A., Woodward, J., Dundon, K., Schaff, R., McCarty, C., Ahrens, K., & Breland, D. J. (2016). Youth and caregiver perspectives on barriers to gender-affirming health care for transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(3), 254-261.

Guss, C. E., Woolverton, A., Borus, J., Reisner, S. L., Austin, S. B., & Katz-Wise, S. L. (2017). ‘Just step up’: a qualitative study of transgender adolescents’ experiences in primary care. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(2), S28-S29.

McCann, E., Keogh, B., Doyle, L., & Coyne, I. (2019). The experiences of youth who identify as trans* in relation to health and social care needs: A scoping review. Youth & Society, 51(6), 840-864.

Milrod, C., & Karasic, D. H. (2017). Age is just a number: WPATH-affiliated surgeons’ experiences and attitudes toward vaginoplasty in transgender females under 18 years of age in the United States. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14(4), 624-634.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Medico, D., Riggs, D., Carlile, A., & Suerich-Gulick, F. (Online First 2021). Growing up trans in Canada, Switzerland, England, and Australia: access to and impacts of gender-affirming medical care. Journal of LGBT Youth.

Rider, G. N., McMorris, B. J., Gower, A. L., Coleman, E., & Eisenberg, M. E. (2018). Health and care utilization of transgender and gender nonconforming youth: A population-based study. Pediatrics141(3), e20171683.

Riley, E. (2018). Bullies, blades, and barricades: Practical considerations for working with adolescents expressing concerns regarding gender and identity. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 203-211.

Riley, E. A., Sitharthan, G., Clemson, L., & Diamond, M. (2011). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents according to health professionals. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13(2), 54-63.

Shires, D. A., Schnaar, A., Connolly, M. D., & Stroumsa, D. (2017). To refer or not to refer: General pediatricians’ perspectives on their role in caring for transgender youth. Transgender Health, 2(1), 202-206.

Steinke, J., Root-Bowman, M., Estabrook, S., Levine, D. S., & Kantor, L. M. (2017). Meeting the needs of sexual and gender minority youth: Formative research on potential digital health interventions. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(5), 541-548.

Telfer, M., Tollit, M., & Feldman, D. (2015). Transformation of health-care and legal systems for the transgender population: The need for change in Australia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 51(11), 1051-1053.

Temple Newhook, J., Benson, K., Bridger, T., Crowther, C., & Sinnott, R. (2018). The TransKidsNL Study: Healthcare and support needs of transgender children, youth, and families on the island of Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 37(2), 13-28.

Veale, J. F., Watson, R. J., Peter, T., & Saewyc, E. M. (2017). Mental health disparities among Canadian transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(1), 44-49.

Medical care, puberty suppression, and hormones

Brik, T., Vrouenraets, L. J. J. J., de Vries, A. L. C., & Hannema, S. E. (2020). Trajectories of adolescents treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues for gender dysphoria. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 49, 2611-2618.

Clark, B. A., Marshall, S. K., & Saewyc, E. M. (2020). Hormone therapy decision-making processes: Transgender youth and parents. Journal of Adolescence, 79, 136-147.

Hewitt, J. K., Paul, C., Kasiannan, P., Grover, S. R., Newman, L. K., & Warner, G. L. (2012). Hormone treatment of gender identity disorder in a cohort of children and adolescents. Medical Journal of Australia, 196(9), 578-581.

Notini, L., Pang, K. C., Telfer, M., & McDougall, R. (2021). ‘No one stays just on blockers forever’: Clinicians’ divergent views and practices regarding puberty suppression for nonbinary young people. Journal of Adolescent Health, 68(6), 1189-1196.

Olson-Kennedy, J., Chan, Y.-M., Rosenthal, S., Hidalgo, M. A., Chen, D., Clark, L., Ehrensaft, D., Tishelman, A., & Garofalo, R. (2019). Creating the Trans Youth Research Network: A collaborative research endeavor. Transgender Health, 4(1), 304-312.

Pang, K. C., Notini, L., McDougall, R., Gillam, L., Savulescu, J., Wilkinson, D., Clark, B. A., Olson-Kennedy, J., Telfer, M. M., & Lantos, J. D. (2020). Long-term puberty suppression for a nonbinary teenager. Pediatrics, 145(2), e20191606.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Kirichenko, V., Holmes, C., Feder, S., Lawson, M. L., Ghosh, S., Ducharme, J., Newhook, J. T., & Suerich-Gulick, F., on behalf of the Stories of Gender-Affirming Care Team. (2020). Parents’ journeys to acceptance and support of gender-diverse and trans children and youth. Journal of Family Issues, 41(8), 1214-1236.

Pullen Sansfaçon, A., Temple-Newhook, J., Suerich-Gulick, F., Feder, S., Lawson, M. L., Ducharme, J., Ghosh, S., & Holmes, C., on behalf of the Stories of Gender-Affirming Care Team. (2019). The experiences of gender diverse and trans children and youth considering and initiating medical interventions in Canadian gender-affirming speciality clinics. International Journal of Transgenderism, 20(4), 371-387.

Riggs, D. W., Bartholomaeus, C., & Pullen Sansfaçon, A. (2020). ‘If they didn’t support me, I most likely wouldn’t be here’: Transgender young people and their parents negotiating medical treatment in Australia. International Journal of Transgenderism, 21(1), 3-15.

Strauss, P., Winter, S., Waters, Z., Wright Toussaint, D., Watson, V., & Lin, A. (2021). Perspectives of trans and gender diverse young people accessing primary care and gender-affirming medical services: Findings from Trans Pathways. International Journal of Transgender Health, 23(3), 295-307.

Tollit, M. A., Pace, C. C., Telfer, M., Hoq, M., Bryson, J., Fulkoski, N., Cooper, C., & Pang, K. C. (2019). What are the health outcomes of trans and gender diverse young people in Australia? Study protocol for the Trans20 longitudinal cohort study. BMJ Open, 9, e032151.

Westwater, J., Riley, E., & Peterson, G. (2019). A survey of specialist youth gender diversity services in Australia: A whole‐of‐family approach. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 40(4), 400-412.

Experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic

Jones, B. A., Bowe, M., McNamara, N., Guerin, E., & Carter, T. (Online First 2021). Exploring the mental health experiences of young trans and gender diverse people during the Covid-19 pandemic. International Journal of Transgender Health.

Sequeira, G. M., Kidd, K. M., Rankine, J., Miller, E., Ray, K. N., Fortenberry, J. D., & Richardson, L. P. (2022). Gender-diverse youth’s experiences and satisfaction with telemedicine for gender-affirming care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Transgender Health, 7(2), 127-134.

Szilagyi, N., & Olezeski, C. L. (2021). Challenges in providing care for parents of transgender youth during the Coronavirus pandemic. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 91(2), 85-114.

Body image

McGuire, J. K., Doty, J. L., Catalpa, J. M., & Ola, C. (2016). Body image in transgender young people: Findings from a qualitative, community based study. Body Image, 18, 96-107.

Fertility and fertility preservation

Alphonso, A., Olezeski, C., Kallen, A., & Cron, J. (2018). Fertility knowledge and preferences among transgender and gender non-conforming adolescents. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 31(2), 185.

Baram, S., Myers, S. A., Yee, S., & Librach, C. L. (2019). Fertility preservation for transgender adolescents and young adults: A systematic review. Human Reproduction Update, 25(6), 694-716.

Chen, D., Bernardi, L. A., Pavone, M. E., Feinberg, E. C., & Moravek, M. B. (2018). Oocyte cryopreservation among transmasculine youth: A case series. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 35(11), 2057-2061.

Chen, D., Kolbuck, V. D., Sutter, M. E., Tishelman, A. C., Quinn, G. P., & Nahata, L. (2019). Knowledge, practice behaviors, and perceived barriers to fertility care among providers of transgender healthcare. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(2), 226-234.

Chen, D., & Simons, L. (2018). Ethical considerations in fertility preservation for transgender youth: A case illustration. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 6(1), 93-100.

Chen, D., Simons, L., Johnson, E. K., Lockart, B. A., & Finlayson, C. (2017). Fertility preservation for transgender adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(1), 120-123.

Chen, D., Matson, M., Macapagal, K., Johnson, E. K., Rosoklija, I., Finlayson, C., Fisher, C. B., & Mustanski, B. (2018). Attitudes toward fertility and reproductive health among transgender and gender-nonconforming adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 63(1), 62-68.

Chiniara, L.N., Viner, C., Bonifacio, H.J., & Palmert, M.R. (2017). What are the perspectives among transgender youth and their parents regarding future fertility? Insights from the fertility and reproductive health survey of transgender youth (FROST) study. Hormone Research in Paediatrics, 88 (Suppl 1): 25.

Clark, B., Jarin, J., Strang, J., Call, D., Solages, M., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2017). Transgender adolescent attitudes towards their future fertility. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 30(2), 326.

del Toro, H. O., Grossoehme, D., Helmrich, A., Gordon-Fogelson, M., Conard, L. A., & Trotman, G. E. (2018). Knowledge, desires and perceived barriers to fertility preservation in a transgender adolescent and young adult population. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 31(2), 185.

Finlayson, C., Johnson, E. K., Chen, D., Dabrowski, E., Gosiengfiao, Y., Campo-Engelstein, L., Rosoklija, I., Jacobson, J., Shnorhavorian, M., Pavone, M. E., Moravek, M. B., Bonifacio, H. J., Simons, L., Hudson, J., Fechner, P. Y., Gomez-Lobo, V., Kadakia, R., Shurba, A., Rowell, E., & Woodruff, T. K. (2016). Proceedings of the working group session on fertility preservation for individuals with gender and sex diversity. Transgender Health, 1(1), 99-107.

Hudson, J., Nahata, L., Dietz, E., & Quinn, G. P. (2018). Fertility counseling for transgender AYAs. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 6(1), 84-92.

Insogna, I. G., Ginsburg, E., & Srouji, S. (2020). Fertility preservation for adolescent transgender male patients: A case series. Journal of Adolescent Health, 66(6), 750-753.

Kerman, H. M., Crouch, J. M., Albertson, K., Salehi, P., Inwards-Breland, D. J., & R.Ahrens, K. (2021). Gender diverse youth on fertility and future family: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Adolescent Health, 68(6), 1112-1120.

Knudson, G., & De Sutter, P. (2017). Fertility options in transgender and gender diverse adolescents. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 96(10), 1269-1272.

Kyweluk, M. A., Sajwani, A., & Chen, D. (2018). Freezing for the future: Transgender youth respond to medical fertility preservation. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(4), 401-416.

Lai, T. C., McDougall, R., Feldman, D., Elder, C. V., & Pang, K. C. (2020). Fertility counseling for transgender adolescents: A review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 66(6), 658-665.

Lawlis, S. M., Donkin, H. R., Bates, J. R., Britto, M. T., & Conard, L. A. E. (2017). Health concerns of transgender and gender nonconforming youth and their parents upon presentation to a transgender clinic. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(5), 642-648.

Leonardi, M., Frecker, H., Scheim, A. I., & Kives, S. (2019). Reproductive health considerations in sexual and/or gender minority adolescents. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 32(1), 15-20.

Light, A., Wang, L.-F., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2017). The family planning needs of young transgender men. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 30(2), 274.

Manuel, S. L., Moravek, M. B., Confino, R., Smith, K. N., Lawson, A. K., Klock, S. C., & Pavone, M. E. (2020). Ovarian stimulation is a safe and effective fertility preservation option in the adolescent and young adult population. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 37(3), 699-708.

Nahata, L., Campo-Engelstein, L. T., Tishelman, A., Quinn, G. P., & Lantos, J. D. (2018). Fertility preservation for a transgender teenager. Pediatrics, 142(3).

Nahata, L., Chen, D., Moravek, M. B., Quinn, G. P., Sutter, M. E., Taylor, J., Tishelman, A. C., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2019). Understudied and under-reported: Fertility issues in transgender youth—A narrative review. The Journal of Pediatrics, 205, 265-271.

Nahata, L., Curci, M. B., & Quinn, G. P. (2018). Exploring fertility preservation intentions among transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 62(2), 123-125.

Nahata, L., Tishelman, A. C., Caltabellotta, N. M., & Quinn, G. P. (2017). Low fertility preservation utilization among transgender youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(1), 40-44.

Nahata, L., Chen, D., Quinn, G. P., Travis, M., Grannis, C., Nelson, E., & Tishelman, A. C. (2020). Reproductive attitudes and behaviors among transgender/nonbinary adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 66(3), 372-374.

Quinn, G. P., Sampson, A., & Campo-Engelstein, L. (2018). Familial discordance regarding fertility preservation for a transgender teen: An ethical case study. The Journal of Clinical Ethics, 29(4), 261-265.

Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (2020). Toward trans reproductive justice: A qualitative analysis of views on fertility preservation for Australian transgender and non-binary people. Journal of Social Issues, 76(2), 314-337.

Segev-Becker, A., Israeli, G., Elkon-Tamir, E., Perl, L., Sekler, O., Amir, H., Interator, H., Dayan, S. C., Chorna, E., Weintrob, N., & Oren, A. (2020). Children and adolescents with gender dysphoria in Israel: Increasing referral and fertility preservation rates. Endocrine Practice, 26(4), 423-428.

Strang, J. F., Jarin, J., Call, D., Clark, B., Wallace, G. L., Anthony, L. G., Kenworthy, L., & Gomez-Lobo, V. (2018). Transgender Youth Fertility Attitudes Questionnaire: Measure development in nonautistic and autistic transgender youth and their parents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 62(2), 128-135.

Wakefield, B. W., Boguszewski, K., Cheney, D., & Taylor, J. (2018). Trends in fertility preservation for transgender adolescents and young adults at an academic referral center. Journal of Adolescent Health, 62(2), s41.

Walton-Betancourth, S., Monti, E., Adu-Gyamfi, K., Roberts, A., Clarkson, K., Ward, S., & Butler, G. (2018). Attitudes toward fertility and reproductive health among transgender adolescents. Endocrine Abstracts, 58, OC8.3.

Walton-Betancourth, S., Monti, E., Adu-Gyamfi, K., Roberts, A., Clarkson, K., Ward, S., & Butler, G. (2018). Fertility preservation for transgender adolescents: The parent’s view. Endocrine Abstracts, 58, P030.

Children/young people and (dis)abilities

Duke, T. S. (2011). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth with disabilities: A meta-synthesis. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(1), 1–52.

Critiques of pathologising accounts

Ansara, Y. G., & Hegarty, P. (2012). Cisgenderism in psychology: Pathologising and misgendering children from 1999 to 2008. Psychology & Sexuality, 3(2), 137-160.

Bryant, K. (2006). Making gender identity disorder of childhood: Historical lessons for contemporary debates. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 3(3), 23-39.

Hill, D. B., Rozanski, C., Carfagnini, J., & Willoughby, B. (2006). Gender identity disorders in childhood and adolescence: A critical inquiry. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 17(3-4), 7-34.

Langer, S. J., & Martin, J. I. (2004). How dresses can make you mentally ill: Examining gender identity disorder in children. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 21(1), 5-23.

Pyne, J. (2014). The governance of gender non-conforming children: A dangerous enclosure. Annual Review of Critical Psychology, 11, 79-96.

Schwartz, D. (2012). Listening to children imagining gender: Observing the inflation of an idea. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 460-479.

Tosh, J. (2011). Professor Zucker’s invitation as a keynote speaker to the Division of Clinical Psychology annual conference: A response. PsyPAG Quarterly, 78, 14-19.

Tosh, J. (2011). ‘Zuck off’! A commentary on the protest against Ken Zucker and his ‘treatment’ of childhood gender identity disorder. Psychology of Women Section Review, 13(1), 10-16.

Critical perspectives

Castañeda, C. (2015). Developing gender: The medical treatment of transgender young people. Social Science & Medicine, 143, 262-270.

Costello, L., & Duncan, D. (2006). The ‘evidence’ of sex, the ‘truth’ of gender: Shaping children’s bodies. Children’s Geographies, 4(2), 157-172.

Ehrensaft, D., Giammattei, S. V., Storck, K., Tishelman, A. C., & Keo-Meier, C. (2018). Prepubertal social gender transitions: What we know; what we can learn—A view from a gender affirmative lens. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 251-268.

Graham, K., Treharne, G. J., & Nairn, K. (2017). Using Foucault’s theory of disciplinary power to critically examine the construction of gender in secondary schools. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 11(2), e12302

Jones, T. (2016). Researching and working for transgender youth: Contexts, problems and solutions. Social Sciences, 5(3), 43+.

Martino, W., & Cumming-Potvin, W. (2018). Transgender and gender expansive education research, policy and practice: Reflecting on epistemological and ontological possibilities of bodily becoming. Gender and Education, 30(6), 687-694.

Pyne, J. (2014). Gender independent kids: A paradigm shift in approaches to gender non-conforming children. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 23(1), 1-8.

Roen, K. (2011). The discursive and clinical production of trans youth: Gender variant youth who seek puberty suppression. Psychology & Sexuality, 2(1), 58-68.

Staley, S. (2018). On getting stuck: Negotiating stuck places in and beyond gender and sexual diversity-focused educational research. Harvard Educational Review, 88(3), 287-307.

Wiseman, M., & Davidson, S. (2011). Problems with binary gender discourse: Using context to promote flexibility and connection in gender identity. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 17(4), 528-537.

Trans and gender diverse literature analyses and discussion

Abate, M. A. (2008). Trans/forming girlhood: Transgenderism, the tomboy formula, and gender identity disorder in Sharon Dennis Wyeth’s Tomboy TroubleThe Lion and the Unicorn, 32(1), 40-60.

Battis, J. (2006). Transgendered magic: The radical performance of the young wizard in YA literatureThe Looking Glass: New Perspectives on Children’s Literature, 10(1).

Bittner, R. (2010). The trouble with normal: Trans youth and the desire for normalcy as reflected in young adult literatureThe ALAN Review, 37(2), 31-35.

Bittner, R. (2014). Hey, I still can’t see myself!: The difficult positioning of two-spirit identities in YA literature. Bookbird: A Journal of International Children’s Literature, 52, 11-22.

Bittner, R., Ingrey, J., & Stamper, C. (2016). Queer and trans-themed books for young readers: A critical review. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 948-964.

Bott, C. J., & McNeil, E. (2008). Parrotfish: A parrot, a fish, or something in between? An interview with Ellen Wittlinger and Toby DavisThe ALAN Review, 36(1).

Butler, C. (2009). Experimental girls: Feminist and transgender discourses in Bill’s New Frock and Marvin Redpost: Is he a girl? Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 34(1), 3-20.

Carlson, D. L., & Linville, D. (2016). The social importance of a kiss: A Honnethian reading of David Levithan’s young adult novel, Two Boys KissingDiscourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 887-901.

Clark, C. T., & Blackburn, M. V. (2016). Scenes of violence and sex in recent award-winning LGBT-themed young adult novels and the ideologies they offer their readers. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 37(6), 867-886.

Epstein, B. J. (2012). We’re here, we’re (not?) queer: GLBTQ characters in children’s books. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 8(3), 287-300.

Lester, J. Z. (2014). Homonormativity in children’s literature: An intersectional analysis of queer-themed picture books. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(3), 244-275.

McNally, A. (2015). Teaching trans for children, youth, and adults who care for them: A review of children’s picture books and young adult memoirs. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 503-508.

Miller, M. C. (2014). Identifying effective trans* novels for adolescent readers. Bookbird: A Journal of International Children’s Literature, 52(1), 83-86.

Morgan, K., & Kelly-Ware, J. (2016). ‘You have to start with something’: Picture books to promote understandings of queer cultures, gender, and family diversity. Early Childhood Folio, 20(1), 3-8.

Norbury, K. (2014). Re-writing the script: Representations of transgender creativity in contemporary young adult fiction and televisionBarnboken – Journal of Children’s Literature Research, 37.

Norton, J. (1999). Transchildren and the discipline of children’s literature. The Lion and the Unicorn, 23(3), 415-436.

Pini, B., Keys, W., & Riggs, D. W. (2018). Transphobic tropes and young adult fiction: An analysis of Brian Katcher’s Almost perfect. The Lion and the Unicorn, 42(1), 57-72.

Putzi, J. (2017). “None of this ‘trapped-in-a-man’s-body’ bullshit”: Transgender girls and wrong-body discourse in young adult fiction. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, 36(2), 423-448.

Rockefeller, E. I. (2009). Selection, inclusion, evaluation and defense of transgender-inclusive fiction for young adults: A resource guide. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6(2-3), 288-309.

Sciurba, K. (2017). Flowers, dancing, dresses, and dolls: Picture book representations of gender-variant males. Children’s Literature in Education, 48(3), 276-293.

skelton, j. w. (2015). Not exceptional or punished: A review of five picture books that celebrate gender diversity. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 495-499.

skelton, j. w. (2015). Without she or he, in pictures. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2(3), 500-502.

Smulders, S. (2015). Dresses make the girl: Gender and identity from The Hundred Dresses to 10,000 DressesChildren’s Literature in Education, 46(4), 410-423.

Sokoll, T. (2013). Representations of trans* youth in young adult literature: A report and a suggestion. Young Adult Library Services, 11(4), 23-26.

Wickens, C. M. (2011). Codes, silences, and homophobia: Challenging normative assumptions about gender and sexuality in contemporary LGBTQ young adult literature. Children’s Literature in Education, 42(2), 148-164.

Trans and gender diverse literature and libraries

Chapman, E. L. (2013). No more controversial than a gardening display?: Provision of LGBT-related fiction to children and young people in U.K. public librariesLibrary Trends, 61(3), 542-556.

Popular culture, media, and technology

Baird, B., & Reynolds, R. (2021). Unsafe subjects: The constitution of young LGBTQ political subjects in the Safe School controversy. Australian Historical Studies, 52(3), 402-419.

Craig, S. L., & McInroy, L. (2014). You can form a part of yourself online: The influence of new media on identity development and coming out for LGBTQ youth. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 18(1), 95-109.

Horak, L. (2014). Trans on YouTube: Intimacy, visibility, temporality. TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly, 1(4), 572-585.

Jenzen, O. (2017). Trans youth and social media: moving between counterpublics and the wider web. Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, 24(11), 1626-1641.

Kelso, T. (2015). Still trapped in the U.S. media’s closet: Representations of gender-variant, pre-adolescent children. Journal of Homosexuality, 62(8), 1058-1097.

Kuvalanka, K. A. (2018). Trans families: A review of three documentaries. Journal of Family Therapy & Review, 10(1), 313-320.

McInroy, L. B., & Craig, S. L. (2015). Transgender representation in offline and online media: LGBTQ youth perspectives. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 25(6), 606-617.

McIntyre, J., Riggs, D. W., & Bartholomaeus, C. (Online First 2022). Jazz Jennings and Evie Macdonald: Trans child celebrities, transnormativity, and childhood ‘innocence’. Celebrity Studies.

Neary, A. (2018). New trans* visibilities: Working the limits and possibilities of gender at school. Sex Education18(4), 435-448.


Foley, J. T., Pineiro, C., Miller, D., & Foley, M. L. (2016). Including transgender students in school physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 87(3), 5-8.

Jones, B. A., Arcelus, J., Bouman, W. P., & Haycraft, E. (2017). Barriers and facilitators of physical activity and sport participation among young transgender adults who are medically transitioning. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(2), 227-238.

Jones, B. A., Arcelus, J., Bouman, W. P., & Haycraft, E. (2017). Sport and transgender people: A systematic review of the literature relating to sport participation and competitive sport policies. Sports Medicine, 47(4), 701-716.

Lenzi, M. J. (2018). The trans athlete dilemma: A constitutional analysis of high school transgender student-athlete policies. American University Law Review, 67(3), 841-889.

Shrader, C. (2017). Uniform rules: Addressing the disparate rules that deny student-athletes the opportunity to participate in sports according to gender identity. University of Richmond Law Review, 51(2), 637-664.

Storr, R., Nicholas, L., Robinson, K., & Davies, C. (2022). ‘Game to play?’: Barriers and facilitators to sexuality and gender diverse young people’s participation in sport and physical activity. Sport, Education and Society, 27(5), 604-617.

Housing and homelessness

Forge, N., Lewinson, T., Garner, B. M., Braxton, C., Greenwald, L., & Maley, O. (2018). ‘Humbling experiences’: A photovoice project with sexual and gender-expansive youth experiencing homelessness. Journal of Community Psychology, 46(6), 806-822.

Reck, J. (2009). Homeless gay and transgender youth of color in San Francisco: ‘No one likes street kids’—even in the Castro. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6(2-3), 223-242.

Shelton, J. (2015). Transgender youth homelessness: Understanding programmatic barriers through the lens of cisgenderism. Children and Youth Services Review, 59, 10-18.

Shelton, J. (2016). Reframing risk for transgender and gender-expansive young people experiencing homelessness. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 28(4), 277-291.

Shelton, J., & Bond, L. (2017). “It just never worked out”: How transgender and gender expansive youth understand their pathways into homelessness. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 98(4), 284-291.

Shelton, J., Wagaman, M. A., Small, L., & Abramovich, A. (2018). I’m more driven now: Resilience and resistance among transgender and gender expansive youth and young adults experiencing homelessness. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(2), 144-157.

Legal aspects

Bell, F. (2015). Children with gender dysphoria and the jurisdiction of the Family Court. University of New South Wales Law Journal, 38(2), 426-454.

Bell, F. (2017). Children and parenting: Re Kelvin: The chance for a new legal approach to hormone treatment for gender dysphoria in young people. Family Law Review, 7(2), 140-144.

Bell, F., & Bell, A. (2017). Legal and medical aspects of diverse gender identity in childhood. Journal of Law and Medicine, 25(1), 229-247.

France, K. (2014). Let me be me: Parental responsibility, Gillick competence, and transgender minors’ access to hormone treatments. Family Law Review, 4(4), 227-248.

Hughes, J. (2017). Becoming me: How transgender teens navigate the Family Court System. Alternative Law Journal, 42(4), 261-266.

Ikuta, E. (2016). Overcoming the parental veto: How transgender adolescents can access puberty-suppressing hormone treatment in the absence of parental consent under the mature minor doctrine. Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, 25(1), 179-228.

Jowett, S., & Mathews, B. (2020). Current legal and clinical framework for treatment of trans and gender diverse youth in Australia. Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, 56(12), 1856-1860.

Kelly, F. (2014). Australian children living with gender dysphoria: Does the Family Court have a role to play? Journal of Law and Medicine, 22(1), 105-120.

Kelly, F. (2014). Treating the transgendered child: The full Court’s decision in Re Jamie. Australian Journal of Family Law, 28(1), 83-94.

Kelly, F. (2016). ‘The court process is slow but biology is fast’: Assessing the impact of the family court approval process on transgender children and their families. La Trobe Law School – Law & Justice Research Paper Series Paper No. 16-4.

Kuvalanka, K. A., Bellis, C., Goldberg, A. E., & McGuire, J. K. (2019). An exploratory study of custody challenges experienced by affirming mothers of transgender and gender non-conforming children. Family Court Review, 57(1), 54-71.

Margolis, J. B. (2016). Two divorced parents, one transgender child, many voices. Whittier Journal of Child and Family Advocacy, 15(1), 125-164.

Miller, sj, Mayo, C., & Lugg, C. A. (2018). Sex and gender in transition in US schools: Ways forward. Sex Education18(4), 345-359.

Minter, S. P. (2012). Supporting transgender children: New legal, social, and medical approaches. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(3), 422-433.

Telfer, M., Kelly, F., Feldman, D., Stone, G., Robertson, R., & Poulakis, Z. (2018). Transgender adolescents and legal reform: How improved access to healthcare was achieved through medical, legal and community collaboration. Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, 54(10), 1096-1099.

Population estimates and demographics

Chew, D., Tollit, M. A., Poulakis, Z., Zwickl, S., Cheung, A. S., & Pang, K. C. (2020). Youths with a non-binary gender identity: a review of their sociodemographic and clinical profile. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(4), 322-330.

Shields, J. P., Cohen, R., Glassman, J. R., Whitaker, K., Franks, H., & Bertolini, I. (2013). Estimating population size and demographic characteristics of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in middle school. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(2), 248-250.

Todd, K., Peitzmeier, S. M., Kattari, S. K., Miller-Perusse, M., Sharma, A., & Stephenson, R. (2019). Demographic and behavioral profiles of nonbinary and binary transgender youth. Transgender Health, 4(1), 254-261.

Adult views of trans and gender diverse children and young people

Elischberger, H. B., Glazier, J. J., Hill, E. D., & Verduzco-Baker, L. (2016). ‘Boys don’t cry’—or do they? Adult attitudes toward and beliefs about transgender youth. Sex Roles, 75(5), 197-214.

Transgender adults reflecting on childhood

Hellen, M. (2009). Transgender children in schools. Liminalis: journal for sex/gender emancipation and resistance, 3, 81-99.

Kennedy, N., & Hellen, M. (2010). Transgender children: More than a theoretical challenge. Graduate Journal of Social Science, 7(2), 25-43.

Riley, E. A., Clemson, L., Sitharthan, G., & Diamond, M. (2013). Surviving a gender variant childhood: The views of transgender adults on the needs of gender variant children and their parents. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 39(3), 241-263.

Simons, J. D., Grant, L., & Rodas, J. M. (2021). Transgender people of color: Experiences and coping during the school-age years. Journal of LGBTQ Issues in Counseling, 15(1), 16-37.