Trans parents


Carlile, A., & Paechter, C. (2018). LGBTQI parented families and schools: Visibility, representation, and pride. New York and London: Routledge.

Epstein, R. (Ed.). (2009). Who’s your daddy? And other writings on queer parenting. Toronto: Sumach Press.

Green, F. J., & Friedman, M. (Eds.). (2013). Chasing rainbows: Exploring gender fluid parenting practices. Bradford: Demeter Press.

Keig, Z., & Kellaway, M. (Eds.). (2014). Manning up: Transsexual men on finding brotherhood, family and themselves. Oakland, CA: Transgress Press.

MacDonald, T. (2016). Where’s the mother? Stories from a transgender dad. Dugald: Trans Canada Press.

Book chapters

Polly, K., & Polly, R. G. (2014). Parenting. In L. Erickson-Schroth (Ed.), Trans bodies, trans selves: A resource for the transgender community (pp. 390-405). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Riggs, D. W., & Kentlyn, S. (2014). Transgender women, parenting, and experiences of ageing. In M. Gibson (Ed.), Queering maternity and motherhood: Narrative and theoretical perspective. Toronto: Demeter Press


Pyne, J. (2012). Transforming family: Trans parents and their struggles, strategies, and strengths. Toronto: LGBTQ Parenting Network, Sherbourne Health Centre.

Short, E., Riggs, D. W., Perlesz, A., Brown, R., & Kane, G. (2007). Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) parented families: A literature review prepared for the Australian Psychological Society. Melbourne: Australian Psychological Society.

Stotzer, R. L., Herman, J. L., & Hasenbush, A. (2014). Transgender parenting: A review of existing research. The Williams Institute, UCLA.

Journal articles

Brown, C., & Rogers, M. (Online First 2020). Removing gender barriers: Promoting inclusion for trans and non‐binary carers in fostering and adoption. Child & Family Social Work.

Charter, R., Ussher, J. M., Perz, J., & Robinson, K. (2018). The transgender parent: Experiences and constructions of pregnancy and parenthood for transgender men in Australia. International Journal of Transgenderism, 19(1), 64-77.

Goldberg, A. E., Tornello, S., Farr, R., Smith, J. Z., & Miranda, L. (2020). Barriers to adoption and foster care and openness to child characteristics among transgender adults. Children and Youth Services Review, 109, 104699.

Haines, B. A., Ajayi, A. A., & Boyd, H. (2014). Making trans parents visible: Intersectionality of trans and parenting identities. Feminism & Psychology, 24(2), 238-247.

Hines, S. (2006). Intimate transitions: Transgender practices of partnering and parenting. Sociology, 40(2), 353-371.

Petit, M.-P., Julien, D., & Chamberland, L. (2018). Interlinkages between parental and trans trajectories: A life course perspective. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 5(3), 371-386.

Pyne, J., Bauer, G., & Bradley, K. (2015). Transphobia and other stressors impacting trans parents. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 11(2), 107-126.

Riggs, D. W., Power, J., & von Doussa, H. (2016). Parenting and Australian trans and gender diverse people: An exploratory survey. International Journal of Transgenderism, 17(2), 59-65.

Tornello, S. L. (2020). Division of labor among transgender and gender non-binary parents: Association with individual, couple, and children’s behavioral outcomes. Frontiers in Psychology.

Veldorale-Griffin, A. (2014). Transgender parents and their adult children’s experiences of disclosure and transition. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 10(5), 475-501.

von Doussa, H., Power, J., & Riggs, D. W. (2015). Imagining parenthood: The possibilities and experiences of parenthood among transgender people. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 17(9), 1119-1131.


Jeffries, M. A. (2021). Experiences of gender and sexuality diverse parents in primary schools. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Polly, R. G. (2015). (Trans)forming the family: A narrative inquiry into the experiences of transgender parents. PhD thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies.


American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), & National Center for Transgender Equality. (2013). Protecting the rights of transgender parents and their children: A guide for parents and lawyers. New York and Washington: ACLU and National Center for Transgender Equality.


Huberdeau, R. (2013). Transgender parents.

Rosskam, J. (2005). Transparent.

Shattuck, S. (2015). From this day forward.